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13:29 

Posh english people...

10:14 

Реальные темы эссе с экзаменов IELTS в 2010

Some people think that charity organizations should only offer help to people of their own country. But others believe that these organizations should give aid to people in great need wherever they live. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

In today's world, it is private companies rather than government who pay for and carry out most on scientific research.
To what extent do you think the advantages outweigh disadvantages?

The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming wider. The rich are growing richer and the poor are growing poorer.
What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?

Today there is a great increase in anti.social behavior and lack of respect to others.
What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?

Air travel only benefits the richest people. The majority of people get no advantage from development of air travel.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people say politicians promote the development of society. However others believe that it is scientists who have more influence on the world.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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@темы: English, IELTS, Writing

00:05 

Phrasal verbs as nouns and adjectives

21:54 

from WIKITONGUES - Cumbrian, Cornish, Scotish Gaelic, Shetlandic, Doric Scots, Welsh

20:30 

Статьи по функциональной стилистике (РЯ и АЯ)

1. Функциональные стили - стилистика английского языка
lengish.com/articles/%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BB%D...

2. Особенности функциональных стилей русского языка (научный, газетно-публицистический, официально-деловой, разговорный, церковно-религиозный)
www.myfilology.ru/145/osobennosti-funktsionalny...

3. Церковно-религиозный стиль -Особенности функциональных стилей русского языка -Практическая стилистика
www.myfilology.ru/145/osobennosti-funktsionalny...

4. Гальперин А.И. "Очерки по стилистике английского языка"
www.classes.ru/grammar/30.Ocherki_po_stilistike...

5. Научный стиль: понятие, признаки и примеры
school-of-inspiration.ru/nauchnyj-stil-ponyatie...

6. Типы речи: повествование, описание, рассуждение
school-of-inspiration.ru/tipy-rechi-povestvovan...

@темы: Linguistics, links, Стилистика

13:33 

Verbs - Cooking

add: To put ingredients together; to put one ingredient with the others.

bake: To cook in an oven by using heat.

barbecue: To cook foods (primarily meat) on a grill by using fire or hot coals.

beat: To mix quickly and continually, commonly used with eggs.

boil: To heat water until little bubbles form.

break: To separate into smaller parts by force.

broil: To cook meat or vegetables on a rack with an extremely high temperature.

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@темы: Vocabulary, Food&Cooking

13:05 

Viewer - Spectator - Audience

Viewer:
Viewers are in particular those who are watcing televison.
A viewer could be also someone looking carefully at a picture or any other interesting object, like an artifact, sculptures in a museum, paintings and pieces of art in general.

Spectator:
It refers also to someone watching something ,that is more likely to be a public event or activity ,but specifically sport events such as tennis matches, horse racing events etc...

Audience:
Refers to the ones watching or listening to a rather publically held event such as concerts, plays, public meetings.The people come to a certain place to watch this event ,whether a movie, a performance of any kind or a speech.
When you say 'the audience of a television or radio progamme' you refer to all the people as a group watching or listening to it.

@темы: Vocabulary

11:57 

Idioms - Health and Fitness

English Idioms
& Idiomatic Expressions






in bad shape

A person who is in bad shape is in poor physical condition.

I really am in bad shape. I must do more exercise.

back on your feet

If you are back on your feet, after an illness or an accident, you are physically healthy again.

My grandmother had a bad 'flu but she's back on her feet again.

back into shape

To get yourself back into shape, you need to take some exercise in order to become fit and healthy again.

Eva decided she'd have to get back into shape before looking for a job.

bag of bones

To say that someone is a bag of bones means that they are extremely thin.

When he came home from the war he was a bag of bones.

full of beans

A person who is full of beans is lively, active and healthy.

He may be getting old but he's still full of beans.

black out

If you black out, you lose consciousness.

When Tony saw the needle, he blacked out.

blind as a bat

Someone whose vision is very poor, or who is unable to see anything, is (as) blind as a bat.

Without his glasses, the old man is as blind as a bat.

blue around the gills

(also: green or pale)

If a person looks blue around gills, they look unwell or sick.

You should sit down. You look a bit blue around the gills.

feel blue

To feel blue means to have feelings of deep sadness or depression.

I'm going to see my grandmother. She's feeling a bit blue at the moment.

kick the bucket

To kick the bucket is a lighthearted way of talking about death.

He will inherit when his grandfather kicks the bucket.

cast iron stomach

If you can eat all sorts of food and drink what you like, without any indigestion, discomfort or bad effects, it is said that you have a cast-iron stomach.

I don't know how you can eat that spicy food. You must have a cast-iron stomach.

clean bill of health

If a person has a clean bill of health, they have a report or certificate declaring that their health is satisfactory.

All candidates for the position must produce a clean bill of health.

off colour

If you are off colour, you look or feel ill.

What's the matter with Tom? He looks a bit off colour today.

dead as a doornail

This expression is used to stress that a person is very definitely dead.

At the end of the winter they found the old man as dead as a doornail.

(like) death warmed up

If you look like death warmed up, you look very ill or tired.

My boss told me to go home. He said I looked like death warmed up.

die with one's boots on

A person who dies with their boots on dies while still leading an active life.

He says he'll never retire. He'd rather die with his boots on!

dogs are barking

When a person says that their dogs are barking they mean that their feet are hurting.

I've been shopping all day. My dogs are barking!

drop like flies

If people drop like flies, they fall ill or die in large numbers.

There's a 'flu epidemic right now. Senior citizens are dropping like flies.

hit the dust

The expression hit the dust is a humorous way of referring to death.

You can have my computer when I hit the dust!

fit as a fiddle

A person who is as fit as a fiddle is in an excellent state of health or physical condition.

My grandfather is nearly ninety but he's as fit as a fiddle.

frog in one's throat

A person who has a frog in their throat has difficulty in speaking clearly because they have a cough or a sore throat.

Teaching was difficult today. I had a frog in my throat all morning.

hair of the dog that bit you

Using as a remedy a small amount of what made you ill, for example a drop of alcohol when recovering from drinking too much, is called 'a hair of the dog that bit you'.

Here, have a drop of this. It's a hair of the dog that bit you!

hale and hearty

Someone, especially an old person, who is hale and hearty is in excellent health.

My grandmother is still hale and hearty in spite of her age.

have a hangover

To have a hangover means to suffer from the unpleasant after-effects of drinking too much alcohol.

Many young people have a hangover after a party or celebration.

hard of hearing

If someone is hard of hearing, they can't hear very well.

You'll have to speak louder to Mr. Jones. He's a bit hard of hearing.

keep body and soul together

If someone is able to keep body and soul together, they manage to survive.

He was unemployed and homeless, but somehow he managed to keep body and soul together.

land of the living

This is a humorous way of saying that someone is still alive.

Hi there! Glad to see you're still in the land of the living!

on one's last legs

If you are on your last legs, you are in a very weak condition or about to die.

I was so sick that I felt as though I was on my last legs!

living on borrowed time

This expression refers to a period of time after an illness or accident which could have caused death.

After heart surgery, many patients feel that they're living on borrowed time.

look the picture of health

To look the picture of health means to look extremely healthy.

Nice to see you again Mr. Brown. I must say you look the picture of health.

meet your maker

This expression is used to say (often humorously) that someone has died.

Poor old Mr. Potter has gone to meet his maker.

on the mend

If someone or something is on the mend, they are improving after an illness or a difficult period.

My mother caught the 'flu but she's on the mend now.

new lease of life

A person who has a new lease of life has a chance to live longer or with greater enjoyment or satisfaction.

Moving closer to his children has given him a new lease of life.

go under the knife

If a person goes under the knife, they have surgery.

I'm not worried about the anaesthetic. I've been under the knife several times.

one foot in the grave

A person who is either very old or very ill and close to death has one foot in the grave.

It's no use talking to the owner. The poor man has one foot in the grave.

one's number is up

To say that one's number is up means that either a person is in serious difficulty or the time has come when they will die.

His health is declining rapidly so it looks as if his number is up!

out of sorts

If someone is out of sorts, they are upset and irritable or not feeling well.

The baby is out of sorts today. Perhaps he's cutting a tooth.

have pins and needles

To have pins and needles is to have a tingling sensation in a part of the body, for example an arm or a leg, when it has been in the same position for a long time.

I lay curled up for so long that I had pins and needles in my legs.

in the pink of health

If you are in the pink of health, you are in excellent physical condition.

Caroline looks in the pink of health after her holiday.

pop one's clogs

This is a euphemistic way of saying that a person is dead.

Nobody lives in that house since old Roger popped his clogs.

prime of one's life

The prime of one's life is the time in a person's life when they are

in their best physical condition.

At the age of 75, the singer is not exactly in the prime of his life!

pull through

If you pull through, you recover from a serious illness.

Doris had to undergo heart surgery but she pulled through.

pushing up the daisies

To say that someone is pushing up the daisies means that they are dead.

Old Johnny Barnes? He's been pushing up the daisies for over 10 years!

racked with pain

When someone is suffering from severe pain, they are racked with pain.

The soldier was so badly injured that he was racked with pain.

ready to drop

Someone who is ready to drop is nearly too exhausted to stay standing.

I've been shopping all day with Judy. I'm ready to drop!

recharge one's batteries

When you recharge your batteries, you take a break from a tiring or stressful activity in order to relax and recover your energy.

Sam is completely overworked. He needs a holiday to recharge his batteries.

right as rain

If someone is (as) right as rain, they are in excellent health or condition.

I called to see my grandmother thinking she was ill, but she was right as rain.

run down

A person who is run down is in poor physical condition.

She's completely run down from lack of proper food..

spare part surgery

Spare-part surgery refers to surgery in which a diseased or non-functioning organ is replaced with a transplanted or artificial organ.

spare tyre

If a person has a spare tyre, they have a roll of flesh around the waist.

I'd better go on a diet - I'm getting a spare tyre!

take a turn for the worse

If a person who is ill takes a turn for the worse, their illness becomes more serious.

We hoped he would recover but he took a turn for the worse during the night.

touch and go

If something is touch-and-go, the outcome or result is uncertain.

Dave's life is out of danger now, but it was touch-and-go after the operation.

under the weather

If you are under the weather, you are not feeling very well.

You look a bit under the weather. What's the matter?

up and about

If someone is up and about, they are out of bed or have recovered after an illness.

She was kept in hospital for a week but she's up and about again.

vim and vigour

If you are full of vim and vigour, you have lots of vitality, energy and enthusiasm.

After a relaxing holiday, my parents came back full of vim and vigour.


@темы: Heath, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary

22:04 

Китайская поэтическая классика в русских переводах: школы, традиции, имена



стенограмма лекции и обсуждения: polit.ru/article/2016/08/13/smirnov_lecture

@темы: Переводоведение

15:57 

Luke talks politics

некоторое время назад мне посоветовали Luke’s ENGLISH Podcast :heart:
я об этом уже писала
небольшая выборка про политику (все подкасты можно скачать!):

эпизод 82. Voting / Elections / Politics / Government (40 мин)
In this episode Luke teaches lots of vocabulary for talking about voting, elections, government and politics. This episode contains some seriously useful and important terms about politics and the way the government runs here in the UK.

эпизод 268. UK General Election 2015 (Part 1) (1 час 5 мин)
This podcast contains everything you should know about the general election which is happening across the UK this Thursday 7 May 2015. This could be a long episode, but I’m so determined to cover the whole story that I don’t mind how long it takes. I feel it’s worth spending some time to cover this topic in enough detail to make it genuinely interesting and informative. I’m not there in the UK at the moment, so I’m not able to take part in the discussions, or watch all the coverage on the TV, but I care about this a lot and I’ve just got to get this stuff off my chest – which means, I’ve got a lot of things inside that I want to tell you about. This is an important election (like any election) and it’s interesting because we genuinely don’t know what’s going to happen, and the consequences of the different outcomes could be quite drastic.

эпизод 269. UK General Election 2015 (Part 2) (1 час 3 мин)
Welcome back to Part 2 of this episode which is all about the UK general election which is taking place in a couple of days on Thursday 7 May 2015. In this part we’ll hear statements by 7 leaders from 7 of the main parties in this election, we’ll consider exactly what they said, understand some of the vocabulary and key issues, and then look at the possible outcomes and predictions for the result of the election.

эпизод 270. UK General Election RESULTS (36 мин)

Про Brexit:
эпизод 346. Rambling on a Friday Afternoon (1 час 17 мин)
Watch out for some more phrasal verbs and idioms as Lukes shares a few more anecdotes about New York, talks a bit about politics (US elections, Trump, Mayor of London, Brexit), mentions Leicester City FC and rants about Google Adverts

эпизод BREXIT: Should the UK leave the EU? (1 час 20 мин)
Luke talks to his Dad about the UK’s referendum on EU membership. They discuss some of the main issues and arguments and give their personal opinions.

эпизод 352. BREXIT: Key Vocabulary and Concepts (1 час 40 мин)

эпизод 356. News / Football / Brexit / Events in the UK / Jo Cox (1 час 15 мин)
Some more news and views about the EURO 2016 football, the EU referendum and recent tragic events involving Labour MP Jo Cox who was murdered in England this week.

эпизод 359. BREXIT JOKES / EU REFERENDUM NIGHT (40 мин)
The EU referendum is happening tonight, so Luke wanted to record some of his stand-up material that he’s written about Brexit and make some predictions.

эпизод 360. THE DAY AFTER BREXIT (Thoughts and feelings) (50 мин)
Last night the UK voted to leave the EU. Here are Luke's thoughts and feelings.

эпизод 361. Getting things off my chest! (Part 1) Brexit / Football (1 час 10 мин)
эпизод 362. Getting things off my chest! (Part 2) Brexit / Football (1 час 5 мин)
a two-hour rant about the Brexit situation and the Euro 2016 competition.

эпизод 365. BREXIT: 3 Weeks Later (1 час 5 мин)
An update on the situation in the UK since the EU referendum three weeks ago. Listen to Luke's Dad give his comments and analysis. Some vocabulary is highlighted and written on the page.

@темы: English, Listening, Luke's English podcasts, Podcasts, Politics

14:46 

Список подкастов

6 minute English
2008- август 2014 года - www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/gene...
с сентября 2014 - www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/russian/features/...

The Why Factor
www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00xtky9/episodes/down...

Luke's English podcasts
подкасты на совершенно разные темы от 15 минут до полутора часов! длиной, можно скачать
teacherluke.co.uk/

www.china232.com/category/fun-english-lessons

www.eslpod.com/website/

Better@English
www.betteratenglish.com/be-episode-archives

www.shambles.net/pages/learning/EnglishP/eslpod...

CNN podcasts
podcast.cnn.com/

Languagecaster.com - English through football
languagecaster.com/

National Public Radio podcasts
www.npr.org/podcasts/

www.podfeed.net/

Zapp! English podcasts
zappenglish.com/podcasts

@темы: links, Podcasts, Listening, English

14:26 

BBC Podcasts - Food

Tea Drinking in the UK
Yvonne and Alice talk about how tea became a very popular drink in the UK and and we hear how many cups of tea British people drink every day.
www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/gene...

Coffee addiction
Do you have a strong need to keep drinking coffee? Scientists are warning about the effects of being addicted to caffeine - the stimulant found in coffee. In 6 Minute English, Rob and Finn talk about the dangers of drinking too much coffee, and look at some language associated with addictions
www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/gene...

+20 more

@темы: Vocabulary, Podcasts, Listening, Food&Cooking, English, 6 minute English

00:10 

Звукоподражательные слова - Onomatopoeia Word Lists

20:30 

Luke's English podcasts

подкасты на совершенно разные темы от 15 минут до полутора часов! длиной, можно скачать

Luke’s English Podcast is an award-winning audio download for learners of English as a foreign language. The podcast started in 2009 and is still going strong. With over 350 audio episodes, transcripts, videos and a special series on phrasal verbs, there is so much for you to use, and it’s all free. The podcast was nominated for an ELTon award in 2016, has won four Macmillan Dictionary Awards and has now been downloaded over 12 million times.
teacherluke.co.uk/

@темы: English, Podcasts

22:56 

100 advanced academic words for exams

aberration

(n.) something that differs from the norm (In 1974, Poland won the World Cup, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and Poland have not won a World Cup since).

abhor

(v.) to hate, detest (Because he always wound up getting hit in the head when he tried to play cricket, Marcin began to abhor the sport).

acquiesce

(v.) to agree without protesting (Though Mr. Pospieszny wanted to stay outside and work in his garage, when his wife told him that he had better come in to dinner, he acquiesced to her demands.)

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@темы: Vocabulary, English

21:24 

Phasal verbs + Shopping

23:57 

Idioms for Travelling

1. travel light: Don’t pack a lot of items. Bring only what you need.

Please travel light tomorrow. We have a lot of walking to do.


2. hit the road: Depart. Begin a tour.

We’ll hit the road as soon as the bus driver arrives.


3. off track OR off the beaten path: wrong way; away from the main road or route

Don’t go off track. There are some dangerous areas in this city.


4. watch your back: be careful; pay attention to people around you

Keep your wallet in a safe place and watch your back on the subway.


5. call it a day: finish an activity or tour; go home or back to the hotel

You all look tired. Let’s call it a day.


6. get a move on: go more quickly

We’ll need to get a move on if we want to catch the four o’clock bus.


7. a full plate: a full schedule; no free time

We have a full plate tomorrow, so get a good rest tonight.


8. bright and early OR first thing: very early in the morning

We’ll need to leave bright and early to catch the first ferry.


9. hang on or hang tight: wait patiently for a moment

Please hang tight until the driver returns.


10. If worse comes to worst OR If all else fails…: introduces the action to take when no other option is successful.

If worse comes to worst, call the police.



@темы: Vocabulary Games, Travelling and Tourism, Idioms&Expressions, English

18:30 

Differences Between a Tourist and a Traveller

Differences Between a Tourist and a Traveller
You may use the words "tourist" and "traveller" interchangeably, but to some people in the travel community, these titles have different implications. It's not necessary to commit to one title or another; however, you can choose to be more of a tourist on one day of your vacation, then be a traveller on the next. Considering the way you define yourself while travelling can help you get the most out of each trip.
Tourists
It's usually easy for locals to spot a tourist among them. A tourist may carry a camera, guidebook and map at all times and wear the same clothing he'd wear at home. Tourists tend to stay in their comfort zones a bit; they may speak only English instead of trying to learn phrases in the local language; stick to major cities instead of venturing to smaller towns or off-the-beaten-path locales; and stay in areas where the amenities are similar to what they have at home.
Travellers
Generally speaking, someone who considers himself a traveller will try to immerse himself in the local culture rather than standing out. If you're a traveller, you may try to explore the less-travelled areas and explore locations where tourism doesn't drive the economy. You'll interact with locals. Your goals for a trip will be to learn and experience new things, rather than to take a relaxing break from everyday life. A traveller may consider a trip a journey rather than a vacation.
Being a Better Tourist
Being a tourist is perfectly okay. If you're most comfortable around other tourists and want to document every sight with your camera, go ahead, but you may find that making a bit of an effort to blend in will earn you some respect from locals. Leave your white sneakers -- the tell-tale sign of the American tourist -- at home and research the way locals dress, then pack accordingly. Don't let your guidebook dictate your schedule; find some English-speaking locals and ask them for advice on what sights you should see. You may discover a new favourite spot you'd never find in a book. Walk the area on foot or travel by the local transportation to experience the place as the locals do instead of taking guided tours or tour buses.
Being a Better Traveller
If you consider yourself a traveller, you're likely already surrounding yourself with locals. Improve your trip by getting more involved with them. Find a spot in town where everyone seems to gather, like a town square or popular restaurant, and spend the day there. Strike up conversations with people of all ages. Ask questions about the local culture and talk about common interests; at the very least, you'll leave with a broadened worldview. Don't turn your nose up at tourists, and don't avoid popular attractions simply because they're packed with foreigners. Yes, the Eiffel Tower will be surrounded by tourists -- but you should still see it too.

@темы: English, Travelling and Tourism, Vocabulary

19:07 

TED-ed: Are Elvish, Klingon, Dothraki and Na’vi real languages? - John McWhorter


@темы: English, TED, languages, videos

15:12 

Why Factor podcast - Fanfiction

Fanfiction - www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03n3b06

Fanfiction is a global phenomenon with amateur writers creating new stories in the existing fictional worlds of their most loved films, TV shows and books. For many it is an obsession – but why do they do it? And how do the writers whose works are taken on by the fanfiction community feel about it?

It is not for the money; fanfiction is a non-commercial pursuit, although some writers do make the transition from amateur to published author. The most famous example of this is E.L. James, whose blockbuster book: 50 Shades of Grey, started out as fanfiction based on the Vampire inspired Twilight series. Chilean author Francisca Solar tells us how her own Harry Potter fanfiction landed her a book contract.

But turning pro this is not the goal for most ‘fanfic’ writers; it’s the freedom to play with their most loved characters in a uniquely creative world, with very few limits.

@темы: links, Why Factor, Podcasts, Listening

Living environment - Warehouse 14

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