@темы: Vocabulary, English, Appearance


Discussion points - Appearance

Beauty and Physical Attractiveness

Who do you think is the most beautiful person in your country?
Who do you think is the most beautiful person alive today?
Who was the most beautiful person in history?
Who is the most attractive in your family?
Does beauty affect one's success in life?
Is it better to be physically attractive or intelligent?
Is it better to be physically attractive or wealthy?
Is beauty related to power?
Can you think of anyone who is in a position of power that is not physically attractive?
Do people spend too much time and money on beauty?
How much time should be spent on making yourself look better each day?
Who would you say is beautiful that others maybe wouldn't?
What do you think about plastic surgery?
Would you ever have plastic surgery?
If so, what would you change?
Do you think people should have cosmetic surgery to enhance their looks?
If so what is the minimum age when someone should have plastic surgery?
How popular is plastic surgery in your country?
What is the most popular feature for cosmetic alteration?
Do you think self-esteem affects beauty?
Do you think beauty affects self-esteem?
How important is beauty in your daily life?
Have you ever noticed anyone ever feeling pressured to be more beautiful?
What do you think of the proverb, "beauty is in the eye of the beholder?"
Do you have any proverbs or idioms from your country that relate to beauty?
What do you think "beauty is skin deep" means?
What are some beauty tips that you could share?
Do you think people with many tattoos can be beautiful?
How many tattoos are too many?
Would you ever get a tattoo?
Do you have a tattoo?
Do you think people with many piercings can be beautiful?
What kind of body piercing, if any, do you feel are acceptable?
What kind of piercing, if any, do you feel are unacceptable?
What personality trait is the most important for inner beauty?
How do you define beauty, using your own words?
Would you ever date someone who was not conventionally attractive?
What makes one person more attractive than another?
Do you think people from different countries than you see attractive the same way?
Is there someone famous that is considered beautiful, that you think is not?
Are beauty pageants good or bad?
Should children be entered into beauty pageants?
Do you think one gender or group worries more about beauty than another?
Would you want your children to be beautiful or talented?
What are some of the drawbacks of being beautiful?
What do you think of celebrities who get plastic surgery?
Do you think it's necessary to have plastic surgery if you are famous in order to be successful?
Do you think skin color affects whether a person is regarded as beautiful or not?
Do you think that fairer skin makes you more beautiful?
What are some advantages of being beautiful?
What makes someone beautiful in your country?
What differs between that idea and the American idea of beauty?
What do you think "beauty is skin deep" means?
How many different adjectives can you think of to describe a beautiful woman or a handsome man

What do these English expressions mean?
  • Pretty is as pretty does.
  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
  • Beauty is only skin deep.
  • What you see is what you get.

@темы: Vocabulary, English, Appearance


Ссылки на сайты с научной литературой на английском

ethos.bl.uk/ (регистрация)
проект Гутенберга
плюс ссылка на ссылки)) quiterie.diary.ru/p206504510.htm

@темы: links, linguistics, English


Интересная лекция про то, зачем лингвисты изучают мертвые языки

@темы: videos, languages, Linguistics


Podcasts - Why factor - Why do we look the way we do?

Why do we wear ties?
Why do we do the things we do?
Mike Williams searches for the extraordinary and hidden histories behind everyday objects and actions. In his program he looks at the paradox at the heart of the human condition - the desire to belong and to conform, but also to hold tight to our individuality. And we see a symbol of this paradox everyday in an apparently useless piece of clothing about 150 centimetres long - the necktie. Why do we wear ties?

What Makes us Want to Wear T-Shirts?
They’re something you probably see every day… maybe hundreds of them, thousands. Plain ones, coloured ones, funny ones. Often they’re promotional, sometimes provocative. They’re so common that they’re very easy to ignore.
From the catwalk to the building site and everywhere in between, these simple garments can be tools of the rebel, the protestor, the campaigner, the corporate marketeer. They are strangely powerful things… but with humble origins

Why do we wear Suits?
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The Heel
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Why Does Everyone Wear Trainers?
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Blue Jeans
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The Evolution of Beards
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The Shaved Head
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Portrait Photography
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Female Body Hair
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Cross Dressing
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@темы: English, Listening, Podcasts, Why Factor


Writing FCE - Report


A REPORT is usually written for a superior (e.g. a teacher) or a peer group (e.g. members of an English club). Candidates are expected to give some factual information and make suggestions or recommendations. A report should be clearly organised and may include headings.


- Begin by stating the purpose of your report.
- You may invent where you got the information.
- Use a clear layout with:
- Headings. They will make it clear that your report is not an essay or review.
- Lists of numbered points or bullets where appropriate. (DON'T overdo it, though. If you use them in more than one section, you won't be able to show the full range of structures and vocabulary you know.)
- Divide your report into sections according to the input.
- Develop the ideas in the task input. Focus on a maximum of two points.
- Give a clear summary of the situation and make a comment/suggestion only in the last paragraph.
- Use an impersonal, semi-formal style.

Useful language for a report, + 3 samples

@темы: Writing, FCE, English


Tim Doner - Breaking the language barrier

@темы: videos, languages, English


Discussion Points - Education


Where did you go to kindergarten?
Where did you go to elementary school?
Where did you go to junior high school?
Where did you go to high school?
Did you go to college or university? Where did you go? What did you study? How many years did you go? Did you work while you went there?
Did you enjoy going to elementary school?
Does your country have middle schools?
What is the age that children begin school?
How old are students they when they graduate?
+ много

@темы: Discussion points, Education, English


Discussion Points - Food&Eating

Food & Eating

About how many different color foods did you eat for dinner last night?
Do you think about color when you are preparing a meal?
Are there any foods that you wouldn't eat as a child that you eat now?
Are you a good cook?
Are you a vegetarian?
Are you concerned about your daily calorie intake when choosing something to eat?
+ очень много вопросов

@темы: Discussion points, English, Food&Cooking


Slang, совсем slang (mainly London, teens)


Discussion points - Clothes and Fashion

Clothes & Fashion

About how much money do you spend on clothes a year?
Do you like shopping for new clothes?
Do you often buy new clothes?
Do you prefer to go shopping or just browse? Why?
Do you think men should be allowed to wear skirts?
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Questions on Styles, Clothing and Fashion-based Stereotypes

What would you think of a women who cut off all her hair and went around bald as a fashion statement?
What do you think of a man who is bald for fashion's sake?
What do you think of women who wear short mini-skirts?
Do you think that the clothes we wear reflect what is inside us ?
What do you think of people who always and only wear black?
What do you think of people with tattoos?
Do you have a tattoo?
Do you know someone with a tattoo?
What do you think of people with body piercing?
Do you have pierced ears?
Would you pierce other parts of your body?
What would you think of a high school student who always wore very conservative clothes?
What type of clothing do you wear when you are angry and you want to express yourself?
What colors do you choose to wear when you are happy?
Would you dress the same as you do in your country if you went to America for a visit?
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@темы: Fashion, English, Discussion points, Clothes


UK Street Fashion - London


Clothes and Fashion vocabulary


Expressions with SUIT

@темы: videos, Vocabulary, English, Clothes


Verbs for essay writing

Active Verbs
Note of Caution: Only use the verbs you’re familiar with unless you take the time to examine the definition in the dictionary. This is NOT a list of synonyms. Each word has specific usage patterns that are unique to its meaning.

Literary Essay
Alludes to
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Report or Persuasive Essay that refers to an expert’s opinion or research studies

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Report or Persuasive Essay that describes beginnings, causes, effects, etc.
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Persuasive Essay that refers to the possibilities of what ideas can do, create, or assist with

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Report or Persuasive Essay that involves laws or legal proposals
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@темы: Writing, Vocabulary, English, ESL



SHOPPING Phrases, Dialogs and Phrasal Verbs: www.myenglishteacher.eu/blog/shopping-vocabular...
Shopping Vocabulary
Finding the right store / shop
Opening times
Selecting goods
Making Payment
Returns and complaints
Things written on signs
Using a credit card
Prices and numbers
Making comparisons
Different ways of asking someone to SHOW you something
When you want to TRY something
If you’d like the shop assistant to give you a DIFFERENT SIZE OR COLOUR
When you finally decide what you want to BUY
Example conversations between a shop assistant, customer and cashier
Phrasal verbs related to shopping

@темы: ESL, English, Shopping, Vocabulary, general links


English phrases

English phrases
Here you will find English phrases for use across a wide range of everyday situations. The phrases have been chosen to reflect modern, colloquial English usage.

@темы: English, Vocabulary, general links


О пунктуации


Разделительный знак: как использовать точку с запятой

В русском языке запятые нередко выполняют функцию грамматического или даже интонационного разделителя. Но в английском это ошибка. В предложении «I saw a sad man sitting next to the window, it was Jim Carrey» («Я увидел грустного мужчину, сидевшего у окна, это был Джим Керри») знак препинания неправильный. Здесь нужно поставить не запятую, а точку с запятой: «I saw a sad man sitting next to the window; it was Jim Carrey».
Точка с запятой играет большую роль в английской пунктуационной системе — не случайно этот знак размещен на одной из легкодоступных клавиш латинской компьютерной клавиатуры, тогда как на клавиатуре кириллической он перенесен на верхнюю, цифровую строку. Точка с запятой разделяет простые предложения в сложных, если они не разделены союзом; тем не менее и в случае присутствия союза этот знак можно поставить. Чтобы понять, можно ли использовать точку с запятой, зачастую бывает достаточно спросить себя, можно ли вместо нее поставить точку, разделив предложение на два самостоятельных фрагмента: «I saw a sad man sitting next to the window. It was Jim Carrey» («Я увидел грустного мужчину, сидевшего у окна. Это был Джим Керри»).

Кривая речь: как не ошибиться с кавычками

Оформление прямой речи в английском языке отличается от русскоязычного варианта. Здесь конечный знак препинания в реплике — восклицательный, вопросительный или точку — ставят внутри, а не снаружи кавычек. «It was a real shame.» («Было действительно стыдно»).
Кроме того, в английском нет необходимости ставить двоеточие или тире перед или после прямой речи: здесь можно обойтись запятой: «It was a real shame,» said Hulk» («Было действительно стыдно», — сказал Халк.) В другом варианте эта фраза будет выглядеть схожим образом: Hulk said, «It was a real shame.» (Халк сказал: «Было действительно стыдно»).

Oxford comma: серийная запятая

Oxford comma (оксфордская запятая), или Harvard comma (гарвардская запятая), — это запятая, которая в перечислениях ставится перед союзом. Ее можно использовать, если в списке объектов три или больше элементов, перед союзами and, or или nor. «Jason wanted to hit his boss on the head, kick the bejesus out of him, and hang them on a chandelier, but decided to say nothing» («Джейсону захотелось ударить своего начальника по голове, выпустить ему кишки и развесить их на люстре, но он решил ничего не говорить»).
Несмотря на свое название, серийная запятая больше характерна для американского, чем для британского английского. Некоторые авторы из Великобритании советуют ставить ее лишь для избежания двусмысленности, в то время как американские преподаватели подчас настаивают на обязательной постановке таких запятых.

Интересное предложение: как построить реплику с разными видами связи

В английском языке предложение может быть четырех разных видов:
— простое (simple sentence): подлежащее и сказуемое;
— сложносочиненное (compound sentence): два самостоятельных простых предложения, соединенные союзом;
— сложноподчиненное (complex sentence): главное и придаточное предложение, соединенные союзом;
— сложное предложение с разными видами связи (compound-complex sentence): два самостоятельных простых предложения, соединенных союзом, к одному из которых присоединяется придаточное:
«You could fly to Madrid, or you could go to London by rail since the tickets are so cheap» («Ты можешь полететь в Мадрид или поехать в Лондон на поезде, раз уж билеты такие дешевые»).
Такая схема не совсем согласуется с привычным русскоязычному человеку устройством грамматики, но это скорее плюс: подобные факты, как правило, помогают переключиться на иноязычную систему и начать думать в ее рамках. Сложные предложения с разными видами связи особенно важно использовать на письме еще и потому, что они позволяют отработать постановку запятых. Ведь в английском сложносочиненном запятая нужна, а в сложноподчиненном (если придаточное предложение располагается после главного) — нет.
Как отличить сложносочиненное предложение от сложноподчиненного? Есть одна хитрость. В американских университетах ее называют «список FANBOYS». Союзы, которые указывают на равноправие простых предложений в рамках сложного, легко узнать:
— F — for,
— A — and,
— N — nor,
— B — but,
— O — or,
— Y — yet,
— S, — so.
Если в вашем предложении присутствует один из представителей FANBOYS, оно сложносочиненное, и тогда перед союзом надо поставить запятую: «I saw a goose on the riverside, and it was very angry» («На берегу реки я увидел гуся, и он был очень зол»).
Сложноподчиненное предложение, когда придаточное в нем следует за главным, запятой не потребует: «I went away because the goose seemed to be dangerous» («Я ушел, потому что этот гусь казался опасным»). Стоит, однако, помнить, что если придаточное выйдет на первое место, то знак препинания необходимо будет поставить: «Because the goose seemed to be angry, I went away» («Этот гусь казался опасным, и я ушел»).

@темы: English, Writing, пунктуация


Links - Fashion (+Clothes)

listenaminute.com/f/fashion.html +пара заданий
www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news... +pdf
www.trainyouraccent.com/a-fashion.htm +points to discuss
efl-resource.com/materials/topic-based-esl-mate... - 1 аудио+1 видео

www.dailyesl.com/clothing.htm +listening/vocabulary/reading
efl-resource.com/materials/topic-based-esl-mate... - 20 вопросов



Fashion - articles

www.esl-lab.com/vocab/v-fashion.htm (Easy)+exercise

Fashion - style of dressing, etc. popular at a particular time
| current, latest, modern, new | growing | changing, passing - changing fashions in education This theory, though recent, is more than a passing fashion.
| high - The store sells everything from sports clothes to high fashion.
| designer - the influence of Italian designer fashion on the clothes industry
| female, street, youth | architectural, cultural, intellectual
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Устойчивые выражения
A feather in one's cap
À la mode
A stitch in time saves nine
A wolf in sheep's clothing
Bee in your bonnet
Belt and braces
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@темы: videos, links, Vocabulary, Reading, Fashion, English, ESL, Discussion points, Clothes


MAKE vs DO collocations list

Basic Difference between DO and MAKE
Use DO for actions, obligations, and repetitive tasks.
Use MAKE for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do.
DO generally refers to the action itself, and MAKE usually refers to the result. For example, if you “make breakfast,” the result is an omelet! If you “make a suggestion,” you have created a recommendation.

Common English Collocations with DO
do the housework - After I got home from the office, I was too tired to do the housework.
do the laundry - I really need to do the laundry – I don’t have any clean clothes left!
do the dishes - I’ll make dinner if you do the dishes afterwards. (you can also say “wash the dishes”)
do the shopping - I went to the bank, did some shopping, and mailed a package at the post office.
EXCEPTION: make the bed = putting blankets, sheets, and pillows in the correct place so that the bed looks nice and not messy.

do work - I can’t go out this weekend – I have to do some work on an extra project.
do homework - You can’t watch any TV until you’ve done your homework.
do business - We do business with clients in fifteen countries.
do a good/great/terrible job - She did a good job organizing the party. (in this expression, “job” doesn’t necessarily refer to work. It simply means the person did something well)
do a report - I’m doing a report on the history of American foreign policy. (you can also say “writing a report”)
do a course - We’re doing a course at the local university. (you can also say “taking a course”)

do exercise - I do at least half an hour of exercise every day.
do your hair (= style your hair) - I’ll be ready to go in 15 minutes – I just need to do my hair.
do your nails (= paint your nails) - Can you open this envelope for me? I just did my nails and they’re still wet.

do anything / something / everything / nothing - Are you doing anything special for your birthday? You can’t do everything by yourself – let me help you.
do well - I think I did pretty well in the interview.
do badly - Everyone did badly on the test – the highest grade was 68.
do good - The non-profit organization has done a lot of good in the community.
do the right thing - When I found someone’s wallet on the sidewalk, I turned it in to the police because I wanted to do the right thing.
do your best - Don’t worry about getting everything perfect – just do your best.

Common English Collocations with MAKE
make breakfast/lunch/dinner - I’m making dinner – it’ll be ready in about ten minutes.
make a sandwich - Could you make me a turkey sandwich?
make a salad - I made a salad for the family picnic.
make a cup of tea - Would you like me to make you a cup of tea?
make a reservation - I’ve made a reservation for 7:30 at our favorite restaurant.

make money - I enjoy my job, but I don’t make very much money.
make a profit - The new company made a profit within its first year.
make a fortune - He made a fortune after his book hit #1 on the bestseller list.
make $_______ - I made $250 selling my old CDs on the internet.

make friends - It’s hard to make friends when you move to a big city.
make love (= have sex) - The newlyweds made love on the beach during their honeymoon.
make a pass at (= flirt with someone) - My best friend’s brother made a pass at me – he asked if I was single and tried to get my phone number.
make fun of someone (= tease / mock someone) - The other kids made fun of Jimmy when he got glasses, calling him “four eyes.”
make up (= resolve a problem in a relationship) - Karen and Jennifer made up after the big fight they had last week.

make a phone call - Please excuse me – I need to make a phone call.
make a joke - He made a joke, but it wasn’t very funny and no one laughed.
make a point - Dana made some good points during the meeting; I think we should consider her ideas.
make a bet - I made a bet with Peter to see who could do more push-ups.
make a complaint - We made a complaint with our internet provider about their terrible service, but we still haven’t heard back from them.
make a confession - I need to make a confession: I was the one who ate the last piece of cake.
make a speech - The company president made a speech about ethics in the workplace.
make a suggestion - Can I make a suggestion? I think you should cut your hair shorter – it’d look great on you!
make a prediction - It’s difficult to make any predictions about the future of the economy.
make an excuse - When I asked him if he’d finished the work, he started making excuses about how he was too busy.
make a promise - I made a promise to help her whenever she needs it. (you can also say, “I promised to help her whenever she needs it.”)
make a fuss (= demonstrate annoyance) - Stop making a fuss – he’s only late a couple minutes. I’m sure he’ll be here soon.
make an observation - I’d like to make an observation about our business plan – it’s not set in stone, so we can be flexible.
make a comment - The teacher made a few critical comments on my essay.
EXCEPTION: Don’t say “make a question.” The correct phrase is “ask a question.”

make plans - We’re making plans to travel to Australia next year.
make a decision/choice - I’ve made my decision – I’m going to go to New York University, not Boston University.
make a mistake - You made a few mistakes in your calculations – the correct total is $5430, not $4530.
make progress - My students are making good progress. Their spoken English is improving a lot.
make an attempt / effort (= try) - I’m making an effort to stop smoking this year.
make up your mind (= decide) - Should I buy a desktop or a laptop computer? I can’t make up my mind.
make a discovery - Scientists have made an important discovery in the area of genetics.
make a list - I’m making a list of everything we need for the wedding: invitations, decorations, a cake, a band, the dress…
make sure (= confirm) - Can you make sure we have enough copies of the report for everybody at the meeting?
make a difference - Getting eight hours of sleep makes a big difference in my day. I have more energy!
make an exception - Normally the teacher doesn’t accept late homework, but she made an exception for me because my backpack was stolen with my homework inside it.

Общий список
to do a favour
to do a project
to do a test
to do an assignment
to do an exam
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to make a booking
to make a bundle
to make a call
to make a cake
to make a choice
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@темы: Vocabulary, Idioms&Expressions, English

Living environment - Warehouse 14