Ознакомьтесь с нашей политикой обработки персональных данных
  • ↓
  • ↑
  • ⇑
 
Записи с темой: english (список заголовков)
12:29 

ODLT The Online Dictionary of Language Terminology

ODLT The Online Dictionary of Language Terminology — odlt.org/
The ODLT contains concise explanations of the words English speakers use to talk about language

it goes like this:
expletive pronoun
Definition - A type of pronoun that is used when the sentence's syntax requires a subject but that subject doesn't exist.
Example -
In the sentence It is obvious that this definition is incomplete the it is an expletive pronoun because it doesn't refer to any existing subject.
a type of: expletive
aka: pleonastic pronoun | dummy pronoun
see: the weather "it" | pronoun
category: pronouns

@темы: словари, links, Linguistics, English

20:47 

A Nice Article on Letter Sign-offs

57 Ways To Sign Off On An Email
by Susan Adams

"One day last fall, my colleague Miguel Morales received an email with a sign-off that was so strange, it has stuck in his mind for the last year. It came from Melissa Geisler, who works in digital sports programming and production at Yahoo. Below Geisler’s title and above her cell phone number was this mystifying quote: “The Bird is equal to or greater than the Word,” attributed to someone named, simply, “scientist.”

With this and other strange sign-offs in mind, Miguel suggested I tackle the subject of how best to conclude an email. I polled colleagues, friends and four people I’d consider experts, including Cynthia Lett, 55, a business etiquette consultant in Silver Spring, MD. Below is their combined wisdom and some commentary of my own. I offer four rules and a long list of potential sign-offs.

But first, Geisler’s quote. She says it came from an episode of the animated cable TV show Family Guy, about a song from the 1960s. “That was me trying to have a little fun,” she says, adding that she has since changed her signature to add Yahoo’s new logo, and abandoning the quote, which she hoped recipients enjoyed while it lasted. Much as I respect Geisler’s attempt at levity, I think it’s a mistake to leave people guessing about what you want to say.

Here are my four rules for signing off on emails:
1. Don’t include quotes.

Etiquette consultant Lett advocates a more formal approach. “I don’t believe emails are conversations,” she says. “They’re letters.” I disagree. Emails are their own form of communication and they’re evolving fast. Farhad Manjoo, 35, Wall Street Journal technology columnist and until recently, the voice behind a Slate podcast, “Manners for the Digital Age,” puts it well: “An email is both a letter and an instant message,” he observes.

All of that said, here is a list of common and not-so-common email sign-offs, with commentary and notes from the experts.
Best + others

@темы: Writing, English

20:22 

Other ways to say ... GOOD BYE

Formal goodbyes
Goodbye.
"Goodbye" itself is actually one of the most formal ways to say goodbye to someone. Here are some situations in which "Goodbye" is appropriate:
You've broken up with your partner. You're sad about it. You think that you may never see this person again.
You're angry with a family member. You say this as you slam the door or hang up the phone.

Farewell.
читать дальше

@темы: Vocabulary, Other ways to say..., Idioms&Expressions, English

22:08 

Vocabulary website

Очень наглядно по основным темам - Pictorial Vocabulary Guides. Есть разные задания, по некоторым темам можно выбрать уровень сложности.
На сайте кроме английского, еще довольно большое количество языков, включая восточные. Правда, некоторые пока представлены буквально парой тем.

www.languageguide.org/

@темы: English, Vocabulary, general links, languages

00:35 

Pentatonix singing

00:37 

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words
By Mark Nichol
One of the many fascinating features of our language is how often words with pleasant associations are also quite pleasing on the tongue and even to the eye, and how many words, by contrast, acoustically and visually corroborate their disagreeable nature — look no further than the heading for this post.

Enrich the poetry of your prose by applying words that provide precise connotation while also evoking emotional responses. (Note the proportion of beautiful words to ugly ones in the compilation below; it’s easier to conjure the former than the latter, though I omitted words associated with bodily functions, as well as onomatopoeic terms.)

Notice how often attractive words present themselves to define other beautiful ones, and note also how many of them are interrelated, and what kind of sensations, impressions, and emotions they have in common. Also, try enunciating beautiful words as if they were ugly, or vice versa. Are their sounds suggestive of their quality, or does their meaning wholly determine their effect on us?

Beautiful Words

Amorphous: indefinite, shapeless
Beguile: deceive
Caprice: impulse
читать дальше

Ugly Words

Cacophony: confused noise
Cataclysm: flood, catastrophe, upheaval
Chafe: irritate, abrade
читать дальше

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

15:53 

Outside the Standard, Formal Language

A variety of terms distinguish the kinds of languages and vocabularies that exist outside the mainstream of standard, formal language. Here are twelve words and phrases that denote specific ideas of language usage.

1. Argot
An argot is a language primarily developed to disguise conversation, originally because of a criminal enterprise, though the term is also used loosely to refer to informal jargon.

2. Cant
Cant is somewhat synonymous with argot and jargon and refers to the vocabulary of an in-group that uses it to deceive or exclude nonusers.

3. Colloquial Language
Anything not employed in formal writing or conversation, including terms that might fall under one or more of most of the other categories in this list, is a colloquialism. Colloquial and colloquialism may be perceived to be pejorative terms, but they merely refer to informal terminology.

Colloquial language — whether words, idiomatic phrases, or aphorisms — is often regionally specific; for example, variations on the term “carbonated beverage” — including soda, pop, and coke — differ in various areas of the United States.

4. Creole
A creole is a more sophisticated development of a pidgin, derived from two or more parent languages and used by people all ages as a native language.

5. Dialect
A dialect is a way of speaking based on geographical or social factors.

6. Jargon
Jargon is a body of words and phrases that apply to a specific activity or profession, such as a particular art form or athletic or recreational endeavor, or a medical or scientific subject. Jargon is often necessary for precision when referring to procedures and materials integral to a certain pursuit.

However, in some fields, jargon is employed to an excessive and gratuitous degree, often to conceal the truth or deceive or exclude outsiders. Various types of jargon notorious for obstructing rather than facilitating communication are given names often appended with -ese or -speak, such as bureaucratese or corporate-speak.

7. Lingo
This term vaguely refers to the speech of a particular community or group and is therefore loosely synonymous with many of the other words in this list.

8. Lingua Franca
A lingua franca is a language often adopted as a common tongue to enable communication between speakers of separate languages, though pidgins and creoles, both admixtures of two or more languages, are also considered lingua francas.

9. Patois
Patois refers loosely to a nonstandard language such as a creole, a dialect, or a pidgin, with a connotation of the speakers’ social inferiority to those who speak the standard language.

10. Pidgin
A simplified language arising from the efforts of people speaking different languages to communicate is a pidgin. These languages generally develop to facilitate trade between people without a common language. In time, pidgins often evolve into creoles.

11. Slang
A vocabulary of terms (at least initially) employed in a specific subculture is slang. Slang terms, either invented words or those whose meanings are adapted to new senses, develop out of a subculture’s desire to disguise — or exclude others from — their conversations. As US society becomes more youth oriented and more homogenous, slang becomes more widespread in usage, and subcultures continually invent new slang as older terms are appropriated by the mainstream population.

12. Vernacular
A vernacular is a native language or dialect, as opposed to another tongue also in use, such as Spanish, French, or Italian and their dialects as compared to their mother language, Latin. Alternatively, a vernacular is a dialect itself as compared to a standard language (though it should be remembered that a standard language is simply a dialect or combination of dialects that has come to predominate).

@темы: English, Vocabulary, languages, terms

14:46 

26 Christmas Carols - раз уж праздники, то как без них))

An 80 minute collection of 26 much-beloved traditional Christmas carols, sung by a variety of well-known English choirs, with images of traditional Victorian-period Christmas cards.


@темы: the world go round, X-mas&NYear, Music, English, Art

17:58 

Other ways to say... DIFFERENT

40 Synonyms for “Different”
Looking for a different way to say “different”? Here are forty more or less distinct synonyms, along with their sometimes similar, sometimes disparate meanings.

1. Alternate: arranged or occurring in turns, or see alternative; also, every other (also a verb)
2. Alternative: referring to a choice; also, apart from the conventional or usual
3. Assorted: consisting of different kinds
4. Differing: see distinct, or changing from one case or situation to another; also, disagreeing
5. Discernable: able to be recognized as different; also detectable or recognizable
6. Discrete: see distinct
7. Disparate: see distinct, or incompatibly different
8. Dissimilar: not alike
9. Distant: different in kind; also, separated or far away from, going a long way, or far behind, or reserved in behavior, or distracted
other 30 different variants

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

17:53 

Other ways to say... SAYS

Nearly 200 Ways to Say "Says"
Marion Campus Studies in English and Technology

accuses
acknowledges
acquires
adds
+ еще около 200

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

15:39 

Other ways to say...BAD

15:33 

Other ways to say...GOOD

ох уж этот вечный неизбывный и неистребимый GOOD

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

13:35 

English Dialogues Audio and Text

English Dialogues Audio and Text

There you will find a series of free Dialogues / Conversations in English Language that may help you to better understand and speak English.
The Dialogues / Conversations cover a wide range of topics and practical situations that you are likely to encounter in real life. Among the topics we mention:
- Family;
- Transportation;
- Hotel;
- Orientation;
- Communication;
- Personal Development;
- Movies;
- Food;
- Doctor;
- And Many More;
Some of the Dialogues / Conversations are recommended for Beginners. Other for Medium level and Advanced.
The Dialogues / Conversations here are in written / text form. If you want to listen to the Audio / Spoken Version of these Dialogues go to English Conversations Meniu

@темы: ESL, English, Listening, links

13:21 

AudioEnglish.org

AudioEnglish.org™
• over 150,000 pages;
• over 2,500 audio files;
• British and American English native speakers from Oxford, London, Scotland, New York, California, Massachusetts, and Canada.
• connect using any computer - anytime, anywhere;
• listen to audio and practise pronunciation;
• check out the online tests.

@темы: ESL, English, Listening, links

14:46 

How the Languages We Speak Shape the Ways We Think

Do speakers of different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do bilinguals think differently when speaking different languages? Does language shape our thinking only when we're speaking or does it shape our attentional and cognitive patterns more broadly? In this talk, I will describe several lines of research looking at cross-linguistic differences in thought. The studies investigate how languages help construct our representations of the world at many stages. Series: "Exploring the Basis of Human Knowledge and Creativity"


@темы: English, languages, videos

14:43 

Dreaming in Different Tongues: Languages and the Way We Think

On the Same Page: Voices of Berkeley keynote event

@темы: English, languages, videos

14:38 

"Between you and I (the English language is going to the dogs)" - debate

The English language is going to the dogs. "Between you and I" is just one of the howlers those of us with linguistic sensibilities have to endure. The distinctions between words such as 'infer' and 'imply', and 'uninterested' and 'disinterested' are disappearing. Americanisms such as 'gotten', 'different than' and 'can I get..?' abound. Every office resounds with horrible new jargon such as 'going forward', 'deliverables', 'touch base' and 'heads up'. Infinitives are split, participles dangle. Language is based on established practice and rules. When the rules are continually (and that isn't continuously) broken, the language suffers and those who care suffer too.

That's the line taken by the so-called sticklers in this debate, but they are mistaken according to laissez faire linguists. English wasn't set in stone by 19th-century grammarians -- the kind who decreed it's wrong to split an infinitive in English just because you can't in Latin. Language changes but that doesn't mean it's in decline. Traditionalists may argue that digital technology has a pernicious effect on language, but in fact children who text a lot have higher rates of literacy. And it's hard to deny that Facebook, Twitter and email have enriched the expressiveness of our language: ten years ago who could have written "OMG he's RTd my selfie!!


@темы: English, History of English, languages, that's life, the world go round, videos

13:52 

The History of The English Language documentary series (1-8 episodes)

The Adventure of English is a British television series (ITV) on the history of the English presented by Melvyn Bragg as well as a companion book, also written by Bragg. The series ran in 2003.
The series and the book are cast as an adventure story, or the biography of English as if it were a living being, covering the history of the language from its modest beginnings around 500 AD as a minor Germanic dialect to its rise as a truly established global language.
In the television series, Bragg explains the origins and spelling of many words based on the times in which they were introduced into the growing language that would eventually become modern English.


@темы: videos, languages, History of English, English

18:21 

WorldWideWords

www.worldwidewords.org
The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech.

@темы: Vocabulary, English, links

19:59 

серия Young Explorers by British Museum - a brief history of money

Did you know that all sorts of things have been as money throughout history from shells, lumps of metal and barley, to the coins and banknotes we're more familiar with today? For a brief history of money, watch this Young explorers video from the British Museum


@темы: videos, Young Explorers by British Museum, Money, English

Living environment - Warehouse 14

главная