Записи с темой: idioms&expressions (список заголовков)

Food Idioms

Apple of his eye - A favorite
As busy as popcorn on a skillet - Very active
As easy as apple pie - Something simple
As flat as a pancake - Very flat
As hungry as a bear - Very hungry
As nutty as a fruitcake - Crazy
As slow as molasses in January - Very slow
As sour as vinegar - Disagreeable
As sweet as honey - Very sweet
As thick as pea soup - Very thick
As warm as toast - Very warm
Bad apple - Bad person
Bad egg - Bad person
Bear fruit - Get results
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@темы: Idioms&Expressions, Food&Cooking, Vocabulary


Idioms - Health and Fitness

English Idioms
& Idiomatic Expressions

in bad shape

A person who is in bad shape is in poor physical condition.

I really am in bad shape. I must do more exercise.

back on your feet

If you are back on your feet, after an illness or an accident, you are physically healthy again.

My grandmother had a bad 'flu but she's back on her feet again.

back into shape

To get yourself back into shape, you need to take some exercise in order to become fit and healthy again.

Eva decided she'd have to get back into shape before looking for a job.

bag of bones

To say that someone is a bag of bones means that they are extremely thin.

When he came home from the war he was a bag of bones.

full of beans

A person who is full of beans is lively, active and healthy.

He may be getting old but he's still full of beans.

black out

If you black out, you lose consciousness.

When Tony saw the needle, he blacked out.

blind as a bat

Someone whose vision is very poor, or who is unable to see anything, is (as) blind as a bat.

Without his glasses, the old man is as blind as a bat.

blue around the gills

(also: green or pale)

If a person looks blue around gills, they look unwell or sick.

You should sit down. You look a bit blue around the gills.

feel blue

To feel blue means to have feelings of deep sadness or depression.

I'm going to see my grandmother. She's feeling a bit blue at the moment.

kick the bucket

To kick the bucket is a lighthearted way of talking about death.

He will inherit when his grandfather kicks the bucket.

cast iron stomach

If you can eat all sorts of food and drink what you like, without any indigestion, discomfort or bad effects, it is said that you have a cast-iron stomach.

I don't know how you can eat that spicy food. You must have a cast-iron stomach.

clean bill of health

If a person has a clean bill of health, they have a report or certificate declaring that their health is satisfactory.

All candidates for the position must produce a clean bill of health.

off colour

If you are off colour, you look or feel ill.

What's the matter with Tom? He looks a bit off colour today.

dead as a doornail

This expression is used to stress that a person is very definitely dead.

At the end of the winter they found the old man as dead as a doornail.

(like) death warmed up

If you look like death warmed up, you look very ill or tired.

My boss told me to go home. He said I looked like death warmed up.

die with one's boots on

A person who dies with their boots on dies while still leading an active life.

He says he'll never retire. He'd rather die with his boots on!

dogs are barking

When a person says that their dogs are barking they mean that their feet are hurting.

I've been shopping all day. My dogs are barking!

drop like flies

If people drop like flies, they fall ill or die in large numbers.

There's a 'flu epidemic right now. Senior citizens are dropping like flies.

hit the dust

The expression hit the dust is a humorous way of referring to death.

You can have my computer when I hit the dust!

fit as a fiddle

A person who is as fit as a fiddle is in an excellent state of health or physical condition.

My grandfather is nearly ninety but he's as fit as a fiddle.

frog in one's throat

A person who has a frog in their throat has difficulty in speaking clearly because they have a cough or a sore throat.

Teaching was difficult today. I had a frog in my throat all morning.

hair of the dog that bit you

Using as a remedy a small amount of what made you ill, for example a drop of alcohol when recovering from drinking too much, is called 'a hair of the dog that bit you'.

Here, have a drop of this. It's a hair of the dog that bit you!

hale and hearty

Someone, especially an old person, who is hale and hearty is in excellent health.

My grandmother is still hale and hearty in spite of her age.

have a hangover

To have a hangover means to suffer from the unpleasant after-effects of drinking too much alcohol.

Many young people have a hangover after a party or celebration.

hard of hearing

If someone is hard of hearing, they can't hear very well.

You'll have to speak louder to Mr. Jones. He's a bit hard of hearing.

keep body and soul together

If someone is able to keep body and soul together, they manage to survive.

He was unemployed and homeless, but somehow he managed to keep body and soul together.

land of the living

This is a humorous way of saying that someone is still alive.

Hi there! Glad to see you're still in the land of the living!

on one's last legs

If you are on your last legs, you are in a very weak condition or about to die.

I was so sick that I felt as though I was on my last legs!

living on borrowed time

This expression refers to a period of time after an illness or accident which could have caused death.

After heart surgery, many patients feel that they're living on borrowed time.

look the picture of health

To look the picture of health means to look extremely healthy.

Nice to see you again Mr. Brown. I must say you look the picture of health.

meet your maker

This expression is used to say (often humorously) that someone has died.

Poor old Mr. Potter has gone to meet his maker.

on the mend

If someone or something is on the mend, they are improving after an illness or a difficult period.

My mother caught the 'flu but she's on the mend now.

new lease of life

A person who has a new lease of life has a chance to live longer or with greater enjoyment or satisfaction.

Moving closer to his children has given him a new lease of life.

go under the knife

If a person goes under the knife, they have surgery.

I'm not worried about the anaesthetic. I've been under the knife several times.

one foot in the grave

A person who is either very old or very ill and close to death has one foot in the grave.

It's no use talking to the owner. The poor man has one foot in the grave.

one's number is up

To say that one's number is up means that either a person is in serious difficulty or the time has come when they will die.

His health is declining rapidly so it looks as if his number is up!

out of sorts

If someone is out of sorts, they are upset and irritable or not feeling well.

The baby is out of sorts today. Perhaps he's cutting a tooth.

have pins and needles

To have pins and needles is to have a tingling sensation in a part of the body, for example an arm or a leg, when it has been in the same position for a long time.

I lay curled up for so long that I had pins and needles in my legs.

in the pink of health

If you are in the pink of health, you are in excellent physical condition.

Caroline looks in the pink of health after her holiday.

pop one's clogs

This is a euphemistic way of saying that a person is dead.

Nobody lives in that house since old Roger popped his clogs.

prime of one's life

The prime of one's life is the time in a person's life when they are

in their best physical condition.

At the age of 75, the singer is not exactly in the prime of his life!

pull through

If you pull through, you recover from a serious illness.

Doris had to undergo heart surgery but she pulled through.

pushing up the daisies

To say that someone is pushing up the daisies means that they are dead.

Old Johnny Barnes? He's been pushing up the daisies for over 10 years!

racked with pain

When someone is suffering from severe pain, they are racked with pain.

The soldier was so badly injured that he was racked with pain.

ready to drop

Someone who is ready to drop is nearly too exhausted to stay standing.

I've been shopping all day with Judy. I'm ready to drop!

recharge one's batteries

When you recharge your batteries, you take a break from a tiring or stressful activity in order to relax and recover your energy.

Sam is completely overworked. He needs a holiday to recharge his batteries.

right as rain

If someone is (as) right as rain, they are in excellent health or condition.

I called to see my grandmother thinking she was ill, but she was right as rain.

run down

A person who is run down is in poor physical condition.

She's completely run down from lack of proper food..

spare part surgery

Spare-part surgery refers to surgery in which a diseased or non-functioning organ is replaced with a transplanted or artificial organ.

spare tyre

If a person has a spare tyre, they have a roll of flesh around the waist.

I'd better go on a diet - I'm getting a spare tyre!

take a turn for the worse

If a person who is ill takes a turn for the worse, their illness becomes more serious.

We hoped he would recover but he took a turn for the worse during the night.

touch and go

If something is touch-and-go, the outcome or result is uncertain.

Dave's life is out of danger now, but it was touch-and-go after the operation.

under the weather

If you are under the weather, you are not feeling very well.

You look a bit under the weather. What's the matter?

up and about

If someone is up and about, they are out of bed or have recovered after an illness.

She was kept in hospital for a week but she's up and about again.

vim and vigour

If you are full of vim and vigour, you have lots of vitality, energy and enthusiasm.

After a relaxing holiday, my parents came back full of vim and vigour.

@темы: Health, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary


Idioms for Travelling

1. travel light: Don’t pack a lot of items. Bring only what you need.

Please travel light tomorrow. We have a lot of walking to do.

2. hit the road: Depart. Begin a tour.

We’ll hit the road as soon as the bus driver arrives.

3. off track OR off the beaten path: wrong way; away from the main road or route

Don’t go off track. There are some dangerous areas in this city.

4. watch your back: be careful; pay attention to people around you

Keep your wallet in a safe place and watch your back on the subway.

5. call it a day: finish an activity or tour; go home or back to the hotel

You all look tired. Let’s call it a day.

6. get a move on: go more quickly

We’ll need to get a move on if we want to catch the four o’clock bus.

7. a full plate: a full schedule; no free time

We have a full plate tomorrow, so get a good rest tonight.

8. bright and early OR first thing: very early in the morning

We’ll need to leave bright and early to catch the first ferry.

9. hang on or hang tight: wait patiently for a moment

Please hang tight until the driver returns.

10. If worse comes to worst OR If all else fails…: introduces the action to take when no other option is successful.

If worse comes to worst, call the police.

@темы: Vocabulary Games, Travelling and Tourism, Idioms&Expressions, English


idioms with ALL


MAKE vs DO collocations list

Basic Difference between DO and MAKE
Use DO for actions, obligations, and repetitive tasks.
Use MAKE for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do.
DO generally refers to the action itself, and MAKE usually refers to the result. For example, if you “make breakfast,” the result is an omelet! If you “make a suggestion,” you have created a recommendation.

Common English Collocations with DO
do the housework - After I got home from the office, I was too tired to do the housework.
do the laundry - I really need to do the laundry – I don’t have any clean clothes left!
do the dishes - I’ll make dinner if you do the dishes afterwards. (you can also say “wash the dishes”)
do the shopping - I went to the bank, did some shopping, and mailed a package at the post office.
EXCEPTION: make the bed = putting blankets, sheets, and pillows in the correct place so that the bed looks nice and not messy.

do work - I can’t go out this weekend – I have to do some work on an extra project.
do homework - You can’t watch any TV until you’ve done your homework.
do business - We do business with clients in fifteen countries.
do a good/great/terrible job - She did a good job organizing the party. (in this expression, “job” doesn’t necessarily refer to work. It simply means the person did something well)
do a report - I’m doing a report on the history of American foreign policy. (you can also say “writing a report”)
do a course - We’re doing a course at the local university. (you can also say “taking a course”)

do exercise - I do at least half an hour of exercise every day.
do your hair (= style your hair) - I’ll be ready to go in 15 minutes – I just need to do my hair.
do your nails (= paint your nails) - Can you open this envelope for me? I just did my nails and they’re still wet.

do anything / something / everything / nothing - Are you doing anything special for your birthday? You can’t do everything by yourself – let me help you.
do well - I think I did pretty well in the interview.
do badly - Everyone did badly on the test – the highest grade was 68.
do good - The non-profit organization has done a lot of good in the community.
do the right thing - When I found someone’s wallet on the sidewalk, I turned it in to the police because I wanted to do the right thing.
do your best - Don’t worry about getting everything perfect – just do your best.

Common English Collocations with MAKE
make breakfast/lunch/dinner - I’m making dinner – it’ll be ready in about ten minutes.
make a sandwich - Could you make me a turkey sandwich?
make a salad - I made a salad for the family picnic.
make a cup of tea - Would you like me to make you a cup of tea?
make a reservation - I’ve made a reservation for 7:30 at our favorite restaurant.

make money - I enjoy my job, but I don’t make very much money.
make a profit - The new company made a profit within its first year.
make a fortune - He made a fortune after his book hit #1 on the bestseller list.
make $_______ - I made $250 selling my old CDs on the internet.

make friends - It’s hard to make friends when you move to a big city.
make love (= have sex) - The newlyweds made love on the beach during their honeymoon.
make a pass at (= flirt with someone) - My best friend’s brother made a pass at me – he asked if I was single and tried to get my phone number.
make fun of someone (= tease / mock someone) - The other kids made fun of Jimmy when he got glasses, calling him “four eyes.”
make up (= resolve a problem in a relationship) - Karen and Jennifer made up after the big fight they had last week.

make a phone call - Please excuse me – I need to make a phone call.
make a joke - He made a joke, but it wasn’t very funny and no one laughed.
make a point - Dana made some good points during the meeting; I think we should consider her ideas.
make a bet - I made a bet with Peter to see who could do more push-ups.
make a complaint - We made a complaint with our internet provider about their terrible service, but we still haven’t heard back from them.
make a confession - I need to make a confession: I was the one who ate the last piece of cake.
make a speech - The company president made a speech about ethics in the workplace.
make a suggestion - Can I make a suggestion? I think you should cut your hair shorter – it’d look great on you!
make a prediction - It’s difficult to make any predictions about the future of the economy.
make an excuse - When I asked him if he’d finished the work, he started making excuses about how he was too busy.
make a promise - I made a promise to help her whenever she needs it. (you can also say, “I promised to help her whenever she needs it.”)
make a fuss (= demonstrate annoyance) - Stop making a fuss – he’s only late a couple minutes. I’m sure he’ll be here soon.
make an observation - I’d like to make an observation about our business plan – it’s not set in stone, so we can be flexible.
make a comment - The teacher made a few critical comments on my essay.
EXCEPTION: Don’t say “make a question.” The correct phrase is “ask a question.”

make plans - We’re making plans to travel to Australia next year.
make a decision/choice - I’ve made my decision – I’m going to go to New York University, not Boston University.
make a mistake - You made a few mistakes in your calculations – the correct total is $5430, not $4530.
make progress - My students are making good progress. Their spoken English is improving a lot.
make an attempt / effort (= try) - I’m making an effort to stop smoking this year.
make up your mind (= decide) - Should I buy a desktop or a laptop computer? I can’t make up my mind.
make a discovery - Scientists have made an important discovery in the area of genetics.
make a list - I’m making a list of everything we need for the wedding: invitations, decorations, a cake, a band, the dress…
make sure (= confirm) - Can you make sure we have enough copies of the report for everybody at the meeting?
make a difference - Getting eight hours of sleep makes a big difference in my day. I have more energy!
make an exception - Normally the teacher doesn’t accept late homework, but she made an exception for me because my backpack was stolen with my homework inside it.

Общий список
to do a favour
to do a project
to do a test
to do an assignment
to do an exam
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to make a booking
to make a bundle
to make a call
to make a cake
to make a choice
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@темы: Vocabulary, Idioms&Expressions, English


делить по-братски - share and share alike
делить поровну - go fifty-fifty (особ. расходы), go halves in (что-либо)

@темы: English, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary


Vocabulary - Relationship

to break up: to end a romantic relationship
to drift apart: to become less close to someone
to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone
to fall for: to fall in love
to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot
to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends
to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed
to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
to get to know: to begin to know someone
to go back years: to have known someone for a long time
to have a lot in common: to share similar interests to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times
a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship
to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone
to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved
to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with
to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer
love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone
to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you
to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject
to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family
to strike up a relationship: to begin a friendship
to tie the knot: to get married
to be well matched: to be similar to
to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Idioms&Expressions, English


Vocabulary - Character

to be the life and soul of the party: a fun person, someone who is the centre of activity
to bend over backwards: to try very hard to help someone
broad-minded: prepared to accept other views or behaviours
easy-going: relaxed and not easily worried about anything
extrovert: an energetic person who likes the company of others
fair-minded: to treat people equally
fun-loving: to enjoy having fun
to hide one’s light under a bushel: to hide one’s talents and skills
good company: enjoyable to socialise
with good sense of humour: the ability to understand what is funny
introvert: someone who is shy
laid-back: see ‘easy-going’
to lose one’s temper: to suddenly become angry
narrow minded: opposite of ‘broad-minded’ (see above)
painfully shy: very shy
to put others first: to think of others before yourself
quick-tempered: to become angry quickly
reserved: shy
self-assured: confident
self-centred: thinks only of oneself
self-confident: believes in one’s own ability or knowledge
self-effacing: to not try to get the attention of others (especially in terms of hiding one’s skills or abilities)
to take after: to be like (often another member of the family)
thick-skinned: not easily affected by criticism
trustworthy: can be trusted
two-faced: not honest or sincere. Will say one thing to someone to their face and another when they are not present

@темы: Vocabulary, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English


General links - Idioms


Love idioms

Falling in love
catch someone's eye = to be attractive to someone: "The shy man at the back of the class caught my eye."

to fancy someone (British English) = to find someone attractive: "My friend fancies you!"

to have a crush on someone = to only be able to think about one person: "When I was at school, I had a crush on a film star."

to have a soft spot for someone = to have a weakness for someone: "She has a soft spot for Richard – he can do anything!"

to have the hots for someone = to find someone very attractive: "She's got the hots for the new office manager."

to go out with someone (British English) = to date someone: "They've been going out together for years!"

to go steady = to go out with someone: "They've been going steady since their first year at university."

to fall for someone = to fall in love: "He always falls for the wrong types!"

to fall head over heels for someone = to completely fall in love: "He fell head over heels for her."

to be lovey-dovey = for a couple to show everyone how much they are in love: "They're so lovey-dovey, always whispering to each other and looking into each other's eyes."

to have eyes only for = to be attracted to one person only: "He's dropped all his old friends, now that he has eyes only for Susie."

to be the apple of someone's eye = to be loved by someone, normally an older relative: "She's the apple of her father's eye."

to be smitten by someone = to be in love with someone: "I first met him at a party and from that evening on, I was smitten."

a love-nest = the place where two lovers live: "They made a love-nest in the old basement flat."

to be loved-up (British English) = to exist in a warm feeling of love: "They are one loved-up couple!"

to be the love of someone's life = to be loved by a person: "He has always been the love of her life."

Types of love
puppy love = love between teenagers: "It's just puppy love – you'll grow out of it!"

cupboard love = love for someone because they give you food: "I think my cat loves me, but it's only cupboard love!"

Getting married
to get hitched: "They're getting hitched next Saturday."

to tie the knot: "So when are you two tying the knot?"

If it goes wrong…
to go through a bit of a rough patch = when things are not going well: "Since the argument, they've been going through a bit of a rough patch."

to have blazing rows = to have big arguments: "We had a blazing row last night."

can't stand the sight of someone = to not like someone: "She can't stand the sight of him any more!"

to call it a day = to agree that the relationship has ended: "We decided to call it a day."

to be on the rocks = a relationship that is in difficulty: "Once she moved out, it was clear their marriage was on the rocks."

to have a stormy relationship = a relationship with many arguments: "I'm glad we don't have a stormy relationship."

a love-rat = a man who betrays his girlfriend / wife: "He's had affairs with three different women – he's a complete love-rat."

Marry in haste, repent at leisure = if you marry too quickly, you have the rest of your life to regret it!

Love is blind = when you love someone, you can't see their faults

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder = beauty is subjective

Let your heart rule your head = allow your emotions to control your rational side

Wear your heart on your sleeve = show other people how you are feeling

See also our page on marriage and wedding vocabulary for more words a

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English


Relationship idioms

Relationship idioms

get on like a house on fire = to get on really well with someone: "They get on like a house on fire."

have a soft spot for someone = to be very fond of someone: "She has a soft spot for her youngest child."

go back a long way = to know someone well for a long time: "Those two go back a long way. They were at primary school together."

be in with = to have favoured status with someone: "She's in with the management."

get off on the wrong foot with someone = to start off badly with someone: "She really got off on the wrong foot with her new boss."

keep someone at arm's length = to keep someone at a distance: "I'm keeping her at arm's length for the time being."

they're like cat and dog = to often argue with someone: "Those two are like cat and dog."

rub someone up the wrong way = to irritate someone: "She really rubs her sister up the wrong way."

be at loggerheads = to disagree strongly: "Charles and Henry are at loggerheads over the new policy."

sworn enemies = to hate someone: "Those two are sworn enemies."

Equality and inequality
bend over backwards for someone = do everything possible to help someone: "She bent over backwards for them when they first arrived in the town."

be at someone's beck and call = to always be ready to do what someone wants: "As the office junior, she was at his beck and call all day."

pull your weight = to do the right amount of work: "The kids always pull their weight around the house."

do your fair share = to do your share of the work: "He never does his fair share!"

take someone under your wing = to look after someone until they settle in: "He took her under his wing for her first month at work."

keep tabs on someone = to watch someone carefully to check what they are doing: "He's keeping tabs on the sales team at the moment."

wear the trousers = to be in control: "She wears the trousers in their relationship."

be under the thumb = to be controlled by someone else: "He really keeps her under the thumb."

How you communicate
get your wires crossed =to misunderstand someone because you think they are talking about something else: "I think I've got my wires crossed. Were you talking about car or personal insurance?"

get the wrong end of the stick = to misunderstand someone and understand the opposite of what they are saying: "You've got the wrong end of the stick. The fault was with the other driver, not with me."

be left in the dark = to be left without enough information: "We've been left in the dark over this project. We haven't been told how to do it."

talk at cross purposes = when two people don't understand each other because they are talking about two different things (but don't realise it): "We're talking at cross purposes here."

go round in circles = to say the same things over and again, so never resolving a problem: "We always end up going round in circles in these meetings."

leave things up in the air = to leave something undecided: "I hate leaving things up in the air."

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English


Other ways to say ... GOOD BYE

Formal goodbyes
"Goodbye" itself is actually one of the most formal ways to say goodbye to someone. Here are some situations in which "Goodbye" is appropriate:
You've broken up with your partner. You're sad about it. You think that you may never see this person again.
You're angry with a family member. You say this as you slam the door or hang up the phone.

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@темы: Vocabulary, Other ways to say..., Idioms&Expressions, English


Vocabulary - Money

Adjectives + "Money"

He thinks working in marketing is easy money. I think he'll find it's quite a different story.

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Verb + "Money"

coin, print
The government printed a lot of money in 2001.

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"Money" + Verb

come from something
Money for the exhibit comes from donations to the museum.

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"Money" + Noun

management, manager
I think you should hire a money manager for your savings.

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Phrases with "Money"

bet money on something
Let's bet $400 dollars on the race.

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@темы: Vocabulary, Money, Idioms&Expressions, English


phrasal verbs with ASK, GO


Videos - Travelling vocabulary

Asking&Giving Directions

British English vs American English -- Car & Road Vocabulary

Traffic & Commuting

@темы: ESL, Idioms&Expressions, Travelling and Tourism, Vocabulary, videos



10 best animal idioms in English
English idioms to express Emotions
Talking about fear
10 useful expressions for everyday English
Idioms to express happiness in English

10 best animal idioms in English

остальное тут

@темы: ESL, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary, videos

Living environment - Warehouse 14