Записи с темой: vocabulary (список заголовков)

Viewer - Spectator - Audience

Viewers are in particular those who are watcing televison.
A viewer could be also someone looking carefully at a picture or any other interesting object, like an artifact, sculptures in a museum, paintings and pieces of art in general.

It refers also to someone watching something ,that is more likely to be a public event or activity ,but specifically sport events such as tennis matches, horse racing events etc...

Refers to the ones watching or listening to a rather publically held event such as concerts, plays, public meetings.The people come to a certain place to watch this event ,whether a movie, a performance of any kind or a speech.
When you say 'the audience of a television or radio progamme' you refer to all the people as a group watching or listening to it.

@темы: Vocabulary


Idioms - Health and Fitness

English Idioms
& Idiomatic Expressions

in bad shape

A person who is in bad shape is in poor physical condition.

I really am in bad shape. I must do more exercise.

back on your feet

If you are back on your feet, after an illness or an accident, you are physically healthy again.

My grandmother had a bad 'flu but she's back on her feet again.

back into shape

To get yourself back into shape, you need to take some exercise in order to become fit and healthy again.

Eva decided she'd have to get back into shape before looking for a job.

bag of bones

To say that someone is a bag of bones means that they are extremely thin.

When he came home from the war he was a bag of bones.

full of beans

A person who is full of beans is lively, active and healthy.

He may be getting old but he's still full of beans.

black out

If you black out, you lose consciousness.

When Tony saw the needle, he blacked out.

blind as a bat

Someone whose vision is very poor, or who is unable to see anything, is (as) blind as a bat.

Without his glasses, the old man is as blind as a bat.

blue around the gills

(also: green or pale)

If a person looks blue around gills, they look unwell or sick.

You should sit down. You look a bit blue around the gills.

feel blue

To feel blue means to have feelings of deep sadness or depression.

I'm going to see my grandmother. She's feeling a bit blue at the moment.

kick the bucket

To kick the bucket is a lighthearted way of talking about death.

He will inherit when his grandfather kicks the bucket.

cast iron stomach

If you can eat all sorts of food and drink what you like, without any indigestion, discomfort or bad effects, it is said that you have a cast-iron stomach.

I don't know how you can eat that spicy food. You must have a cast-iron stomach.

clean bill of health

If a person has a clean bill of health, they have a report or certificate declaring that their health is satisfactory.

All candidates for the position must produce a clean bill of health.

off colour

If you are off colour, you look or feel ill.

What's the matter with Tom? He looks a bit off colour today.

dead as a doornail

This expression is used to stress that a person is very definitely dead.

At the end of the winter they found the old man as dead as a doornail.

(like) death warmed up

If you look like death warmed up, you look very ill or tired.

My boss told me to go home. He said I looked like death warmed up.

die with one's boots on

A person who dies with their boots on dies while still leading an active life.

He says he'll never retire. He'd rather die with his boots on!

dogs are barking

When a person says that their dogs are barking they mean that their feet are hurting.

I've been shopping all day. My dogs are barking!

drop like flies

If people drop like flies, they fall ill or die in large numbers.

There's a 'flu epidemic right now. Senior citizens are dropping like flies.

hit the dust

The expression hit the dust is a humorous way of referring to death.

You can have my computer when I hit the dust!

fit as a fiddle

A person who is as fit as a fiddle is in an excellent state of health or physical condition.

My grandfather is nearly ninety but he's as fit as a fiddle.

frog in one's throat

A person who has a frog in their throat has difficulty in speaking clearly because they have a cough or a sore throat.

Teaching was difficult today. I had a frog in my throat all morning.

hair of the dog that bit you

Using as a remedy a small amount of what made you ill, for example a drop of alcohol when recovering from drinking too much, is called 'a hair of the dog that bit you'.

Here, have a drop of this. It's a hair of the dog that bit you!

hale and hearty

Someone, especially an old person, who is hale and hearty is in excellent health.

My grandmother is still hale and hearty in spite of her age.

have a hangover

To have a hangover means to suffer from the unpleasant after-effects of drinking too much alcohol.

Many young people have a hangover after a party or celebration.

hard of hearing

If someone is hard of hearing, they can't hear very well.

You'll have to speak louder to Mr. Jones. He's a bit hard of hearing.

keep body and soul together

If someone is able to keep body and soul together, they manage to survive.

He was unemployed and homeless, but somehow he managed to keep body and soul together.

land of the living

This is a humorous way of saying that someone is still alive.

Hi there! Glad to see you're still in the land of the living!

on one's last legs

If you are on your last legs, you are in a very weak condition or about to die.

I was so sick that I felt as though I was on my last legs!

living on borrowed time

This expression refers to a period of time after an illness or accident which could have caused death.

After heart surgery, many patients feel that they're living on borrowed time.

look the picture of health

To look the picture of health means to look extremely healthy.

Nice to see you again Mr. Brown. I must say you look the picture of health.

meet your maker

This expression is used to say (often humorously) that someone has died.

Poor old Mr. Potter has gone to meet his maker.

on the mend

If someone or something is on the mend, they are improving after an illness or a difficult period.

My mother caught the 'flu but she's on the mend now.

new lease of life

A person who has a new lease of life has a chance to live longer or with greater enjoyment or satisfaction.

Moving closer to his children has given him a new lease of life.

go under the knife

If a person goes under the knife, they have surgery.

I'm not worried about the anaesthetic. I've been under the knife several times.

one foot in the grave

A person who is either very old or very ill and close to death has one foot in the grave.

It's no use talking to the owner. The poor man has one foot in the grave.

one's number is up

To say that one's number is up means that either a person is in serious difficulty or the time has come when they will die.

His health is declining rapidly so it looks as if his number is up!

out of sorts

If someone is out of sorts, they are upset and irritable or not feeling well.

The baby is out of sorts today. Perhaps he's cutting a tooth.

have pins and needles

To have pins and needles is to have a tingling sensation in a part of the body, for example an arm or a leg, when it has been in the same position for a long time.

I lay curled up for so long that I had pins and needles in my legs.

in the pink of health

If you are in the pink of health, you are in excellent physical condition.

Caroline looks in the pink of health after her holiday.

pop one's clogs

This is a euphemistic way of saying that a person is dead.

Nobody lives in that house since old Roger popped his clogs.

prime of one's life

The prime of one's life is the time in a person's life when they are

in their best physical condition.

At the age of 75, the singer is not exactly in the prime of his life!

pull through

If you pull through, you recover from a serious illness.

Doris had to undergo heart surgery but she pulled through.

pushing up the daisies

To say that someone is pushing up the daisies means that they are dead.

Old Johnny Barnes? He's been pushing up the daisies for over 10 years!

racked with pain

When someone is suffering from severe pain, they are racked with pain.

The soldier was so badly injured that he was racked with pain.

ready to drop

Someone who is ready to drop is nearly too exhausted to stay standing.

I've been shopping all day with Judy. I'm ready to drop!

recharge one's batteries

When you recharge your batteries, you take a break from a tiring or stressful activity in order to relax and recover your energy.

Sam is completely overworked. He needs a holiday to recharge his batteries.

right as rain

If someone is (as) right as rain, they are in excellent health or condition.

I called to see my grandmother thinking she was ill, but she was right as rain.

run down

A person who is run down is in poor physical condition.

She's completely run down from lack of proper food..

spare part surgery

Spare-part surgery refers to surgery in which a diseased or non-functioning organ is replaced with a transplanted or artificial organ.

spare tyre

If a person has a spare tyre, they have a roll of flesh around the waist.

I'd better go on a diet - I'm getting a spare tyre!

take a turn for the worse

If a person who is ill takes a turn for the worse, their illness becomes more serious.

We hoped he would recover but he took a turn for the worse during the night.

touch and go

If something is touch-and-go, the outcome or result is uncertain.

Dave's life is out of danger now, but it was touch-and-go after the operation.

under the weather

If you are under the weather, you are not feeling very well.

You look a bit under the weather. What's the matter?

up and about

If someone is up and about, they are out of bed or have recovered after an illness.

She was kept in hospital for a week but she's up and about again.

vim and vigour

If you are full of vim and vigour, you have lots of vitality, energy and enthusiasm.

After a relaxing holiday, my parents came back full of vim and vigour.

@темы: Health, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary


BBC Podcasts - Food

Tea Drinking in the UK
Yvonne and Alice talk about how tea became a very popular drink in the UK and and we hear how many cups of tea British people drink every day.

Coffee addiction
Do you have a strong need to keep drinking coffee? Scientists are warning about the effects of being addicted to caffeine - the stimulant found in coffee. In 6 Minute English, Rob and Finn talk about the dangers of drinking too much coffee, and look at some language associated with addictions

+20 more

@темы: Vocabulary, Podcasts, Listening, Food&Cooking, English, 6 minute English


Звукоподражательные слова - Onomatopoeia Word Lists


100 advanced academic words for exams


(n.) something that differs from the norm (In 1974, Poland won the World Cup, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and Poland have not won a World Cup since).


(v.) to hate, detest (Because he always wound up getting hit in the head when he tried to play cricket, Marcin began to abhor the sport).


(v.) to agree without protesting (Though Mr. Pospieszny wanted to stay outside and work in his garage, when his wife told him that he had better come in to dinner, he acquiesced to her demands.)

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@темы: Vocabulary, English


Phasal verbs + Shopping


Differences Between a Tourist and a Traveller

Differences Between a Tourist and a Traveller
You may use the words "tourist" and "traveller" interchangeably, but to some people in the travel community, these titles have different implications. It's not necessary to commit to one title or another; however, you can choose to be more of a tourist on one day of your vacation, then be a traveller on the next. Considering the way you define yourself while travelling can help you get the most out of each trip.
It's usually easy for locals to spot a tourist among them. A tourist may carry a camera, guidebook and map at all times and wear the same clothing he'd wear at home. Tourists tend to stay in their comfort zones a bit; they may speak only English instead of trying to learn phrases in the local language; stick to major cities instead of venturing to smaller towns or off-the-beaten-path locales; and stay in areas where the amenities are similar to what they have at home.
Generally speaking, someone who considers himself a traveller will try to immerse himself in the local culture rather than standing out. If you're a traveller, you may try to explore the less-travelled areas and explore locations where tourism doesn't drive the economy. You'll interact with locals. Your goals for a trip will be to learn and experience new things, rather than to take a relaxing break from everyday life. A traveller may consider a trip a journey rather than a vacation.
Being a Better Tourist
Being a tourist is perfectly okay. If you're most comfortable around other tourists and want to document every sight with your camera, go ahead, but you may find that making a bit of an effort to blend in will earn you some respect from locals. Leave your white sneakers -- the tell-tale sign of the American tourist -- at home and research the way locals dress, then pack accordingly. Don't let your guidebook dictate your schedule; find some English-speaking locals and ask them for advice on what sights you should see. You may discover a new favourite spot you'd never find in a book. Walk the area on foot or travel by the local transportation to experience the place as the locals do instead of taking guided tours or tour buses.
Being a Better Traveller
If you consider yourself a traveller, you're likely already surrounding yourself with locals. Improve your trip by getting more involved with them. Find a spot in town where everyone seems to gather, like a town square or popular restaurant, and spend the day there. Strike up conversations with people of all ages. Ask questions about the local culture and talk about common interests; at the very least, you'll leave with a broadened worldview. Don't turn your nose up at tourists, and don't avoid popular attractions simply because they're packed with foreigners. Yes, the Eiffel Tower will be surrounded by tourists -- but you should still see it too.

@темы: English, Travelling and Tourism, Vocabulary


Cith Life or Life in the Country


It seems that more and more people nowadays are moving to the city, searching for employment, entertainment and excitement. However, there are still many people who yearn for a life in the countryside.

So, which is it? Do you crave the action of the city? Or is the country-life the only way for you? Oxford CultureMania debates the pros and cons of living in the city and living in the countryside.

City Living

The Pros

The Culture – In cities there is no shortage of sights to see, museums to visit, concerts to go to, restaurants to eat at, art galleries to explore, and films and plays to see at the theatre or cinema.

The Convenience – People have everything within easy access thanks to the transport system, or even within walking distance. That is why they don’t need to drive for miles in order to get to work, go shopping, or attend medical appointments.

The Opportunities – Living in a city offers people many opportunities that just aren’t available in small towns or villages. There far are more jobs, flats are more plentiful and many more options for schools and universities.

The Cons

The Stress – City living can be incredibly stressful at times: the traffic, the crowds and noise can sometimes feel overwhelming.

The Crime – There is no doubt that city life is less safe than country life. Crime rates are generally higher and some areas of cities can be dangerous.

The Cost – Living in a city is more expensive no matter if it’s going for a meal, going to the cinema, buying a home or anything else.

Country living

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@темы: City, English, Environment, Vocabulary


1. Ask for someone's hand in marriage (попросить руки и сердца)
- to ask someone to marry you
After dating his girlfriend for several years the man finally asked for her hand in marriage.
2. Blind date (свидание в слепую) - - a date where the two people have never met before
I went on a blind date in university but it was not too successful.
3. Double dating (свидание, двумя парами) –a date where two couples do something together
It was fun to go on the double date even though everybody wanted to do something different.
- is NOT when one man has two girlfriends, or a girl has two boyfriends. This situation is called two-timing.
“He is two-timing on his girlfriend with another woman.”
4. Two-time («ходить на два фронта»)– To Two time means to secretly date a person while you are dating
someone else at the same time. For example, my friend has John been dating Sheila for one year and he
started to date Jenny last month too. John is two-timing Sheila, John is a ‘two-timer’.
5. On the side («на строну») – is similar to ‘two-time’, but this can also be used for married people.
Brad is married to Nancy, but he’s seeing Wanda on the side.
6. Break (someone's) heart (разбивать сердце) - to cause someone emotional pain
The man broke his girlfriend's heart when he told her that he no longer loved her.
7. Break up (разрывать отношения) - to end a relationship
The couple broke up after dating for more than three years.
8. Crazy about (someone) (сходить с ума по кому-то) - to think that another person is wonderful
My cousin has been crazy about her colleague for many months now.
9. Date (someone) (ходить на свидания) - to go on a date with someone, to have a date with someone
My sister has been dating her boyfriend for about two years.
10. Dig (someone) (иметь симпатию к кому-то) - to like someone a lot
The girl really digs the boy in her chemistry class.
11. Fall in love (with someone) (влюбиться) - to begin to experience feelings of love for someone
The man fell in love with a woman from his university class and they got married several months later.
12. Find Mr. Right (найти идеальную пару)- to find the right or perfect person
The woman is always hoping to find Mr. Right but so far she has not had any luck.
13. Get hitched (пожениться)- to get married
My sister and her boyfriend surprised everyone by suddenly getting hitched last weekend.
14. Go steady (иметь постоянные отношения) - to date one person regularly (not so common recently
but at one time used often by teenagers)
The two students have been going steady for three years now.
15. Head over heels in love with (someone) (потерять голову от любви) - to be very much in love with
someone, to be completely in love
My friend is head over heels in love with someone in his company.
16. Kiss and makeup (возобновлять отношения) - to become friends again after a fight or argument
After they have a fight the couple is quick to kiss and make up.
17. Love at first sight (любовь с первого взгляда) - to fall in love with someone or something the first time
that one sees him or her or it
When I saw the woman at the party it was love at first sight and I knew that I wanted to meet her.
The woman loved the house. It was love at first sight.
18. Made for each other (созданы друг для друга)- to get along extremely well with another person
The man and woman get along very well together and seem to be made for each other.
19. Puppy love (школьная любовь)- infatuation (strong feelings of love) between school-age children or
teenagers, not considered to be real love by adults
The two teenagers thought that their love was the greatest in the world. Other people thought that it was only
puppy love.
20. Tie the knot (пожениться)- to get married
After dating for several years the young couple decided to tie the knot.
21. Get on like a house on fire (хорошо с кем-то ладить) = to get on really well with someone: "They get
on like a house on fire."
22. Have a soft spot for someone (быть очень любящим к кому-то) = to be very fond of someone: "She
has a soft spot for her youngest child."
23. Go back a long way (знать кого-то сто лет) = to know someone well for a long time: "Those two go
back a long way. They were at primary school together."
24. Be in with (иметь привилегии с кем-то, чем-то ) = to have favoured status with someone: "She's in
with the management."
25. Get off on the wrong foot with someone (иметь плохие отношения с кем-либо) = to start off badly
with someone: "She really got off on the wrong foot with her new boss."
26. Keep someone at arm's length (держать на расстоянии) = to keep someone at a distance: "I'm
keeping her at arm's length for the time being."
27. They're like cat and dog (часто ссориться) = to often argue with someone: "Those two are like cat and
28. Rub someone up the wrong way (раздражать кого-то)= to irritate someone: "She really rubs her sister
up the wrong way."
29. Be at loggerheads (решительно не соглашаться) = to disagree strongly: "Charles and Henry are at
loggerheads over the new policy."
30. Sworn enemies (заклятые враги) = to hate someone: "Those two are sworn enemies."

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Family, English


Sexy Fashion Trends Through The Years

@темы: Clothes, English, Vocabulary


Year of weather 2015

Возможно, пригодится для UpperInt и выше

This visualisation, comprised of imagery from the geostationary satellites of EUMETSAT, NOAA and the JMA, shows an entire year of weather across the globe during 2015, with audio commentary from Mark Higgins, Training Manager at EUMETSAT.

@темы: English, Vocabulary, Weather, videos


idioms with ALL


Сравнения - Simile


as alike as two peas in a pod identical or nearly so

as bald as a coot completely bald

as big as a bus very big

as big as an elephant very big

as black as a sweep completely black sweep = chimney sweep

as black as coal completely black

as black as pitch completely black

as blind as a bat completely blind, may be exaggeration

as blind as a mole completely blind, may be exaggeration

as blue as the deepest ocean completely blue

+ очень много

@темы: Vocabulary, Simile, English


At the hairdresser's - vocabulary&expressions, videos, and a few exercises


• Do you have any openings today?
• What are you looking to do today?
• What are you looking for today?
• How much do you want taken off today?
• How much do you want to cut off your hair today?
• I would like a trim. (trim = cutting off a little bit)
• Can you cut off 2 or 3 inches?
• I have a lot of split ends. Can you cut those? (split ends= when your hair splits in two and is damaged)
• I would like to get bangs today. (bangs= when hair is cut shorter across forehead) (for women only)
• Can you give me a bunch of different layers? (layers = hair is cut in different lengths to better ‘frame’ the face)
• I want a whole new look.
• Can you thin out my hair a little bit?
• Chop it all off. (chop= another words for cut)
• Please take some hair off the top but not too much off the sides.
• I would like a buzz cut. (buzz cut = is shaved very short, like someone in the military)
• I would like…
… to get a perm. (This is a treatment that makes the hair curly)
… to have my hair straightened. (This is a treatment that makes curly hair straight.)
… to have my hair dyed or colored. (This involves changing the color of ones hair.)
… cut a little above the ears
… remove the split ends
… take a little off the top and sides
… trim your bangs

слова, упражнения и 4 видио

@темы: Appearance, English, Hairdresser's, Vocabulary, links, videos


@темы: Vocabulary, English, Appearance


Discussion points - Appearance

Beauty and Physical Attractiveness

Who do you think is the most beautiful person in your country?
Who do you think is the most beautiful person alive today?
Who was the most beautiful person in history?
Who is the most attractive in your family?
Does beauty affect one's success in life?
Is it better to be physically attractive or intelligent?
Is it better to be physically attractive or wealthy?
Is beauty related to power?
Can you think of anyone who is in a position of power that is not physically attractive?
Do people spend too much time and money on beauty?
How much time should be spent on making yourself look better each day?
Who would you say is beautiful that others maybe wouldn't?
What do you think about plastic surgery?
Would you ever have plastic surgery?
If so, what would you change?
Do you think people should have cosmetic surgery to enhance their looks?
If so what is the minimum age when someone should have plastic surgery?
How popular is plastic surgery in your country?
What is the most popular feature for cosmetic alteration?
Do you think self-esteem affects beauty?
Do you think beauty affects self-esteem?
How important is beauty in your daily life?
Have you ever noticed anyone ever feeling pressured to be more beautiful?
What do you think of the proverb, "beauty is in the eye of the beholder?"
Do you have any proverbs or idioms from your country that relate to beauty?
What do you think "beauty is skin deep" means?
What are some beauty tips that you could share?
Do you think people with many tattoos can be beautiful?
How many tattoos are too many?
Would you ever get a tattoo?
Do you have a tattoo?
Do you think people with many piercings can be beautiful?
What kind of body piercing, if any, do you feel are acceptable?
What kind of piercing, if any, do you feel are unacceptable?
What personality trait is the most important for inner beauty?
How do you define beauty, using your own words?
Would you ever date someone who was not conventionally attractive?
What makes one person more attractive than another?
Do you think people from different countries than you see attractive the same way?
Is there someone famous that is considered beautiful, that you think is not?
Are beauty pageants good or bad?
Should children be entered into beauty pageants?
Do you think one gender or group worries more about beauty than another?
Would you want your children to be beautiful or talented?
What are some of the drawbacks of being beautiful?
What do you think of celebrities who get plastic surgery?
Do you think it's necessary to have plastic surgery if you are famous in order to be successful?
Do you think skin color affects whether a person is regarded as beautiful or not?
Do you think that fairer skin makes you more beautiful?
What are some advantages of being beautiful?
What makes someone beautiful in your country?
What differs between that idea and the American idea of beauty?
What do you think "beauty is skin deep" means?
How many different adjectives can you think of to describe a beautiful woman or a handsome man

What do these English expressions mean?
  • Pretty is as pretty does.
  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
  • Beauty is only skin deep.
  • What you see is what you get.

@темы: Vocabulary, English, Appearance


Slang, совсем slang (mainly London, teens)


Clothes and Fashion vocabulary


Expressions with SUIT

@темы: videos, Vocabulary, English, Clothes


Verbs for essay writing

Active Verbs
Note of Caution: Only use the verbs you’re familiar with unless you take the time to examine the definition in the dictionary. This is NOT a list of synonyms. Each word has specific usage patterns that are unique to its meaning.

Literary Essay
Alludes to
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Report or Persuasive Essay that refers to an expert’s opinion or research studies

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Report or Persuasive Essay that describes beginnings, causes, effects, etc.
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Persuasive Essay that refers to the possibilities of what ideas can do, create, or assist with

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Report or Persuasive Essay that involves laws or legal proposals
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@темы: Writing, Vocabulary, English, ESL

Living environment - Warehouse 14