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Записи с темой: vocabulary (список заголовков)
13:26 

MAKE vs DO collocations list

Basic Difference between DO and MAKE
Use DO for actions, obligations, and repetitive tasks.
Use MAKE for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do.
DO generally refers to the action itself, and MAKE usually refers to the result. For example, if you “make breakfast,” the result is an omelet! If you “make a suggestion,” you have created a recommendation.

Common English Collocations with DO
HOUSEWORK
do the housework - After I got home from the office, I was too tired to do the housework.
do the laundry - I really need to do the laundry – I don’t have any clean clothes left!
do the dishes - I’ll make dinner if you do the dishes afterwards. (you can also say “wash the dishes”)
do the shopping - I went to the bank, did some shopping, and mailed a package at the post office.
EXCEPTION: make the bed = putting blankets, sheets, and pillows in the correct place so that the bed looks nice and not messy.

WORK / STUDY
do work - I can’t go out this weekend – I have to do some work on an extra project.
do homework - You can’t watch any TV until you’ve done your homework.
do business - We do business with clients in fifteen countries.
do a good/great/terrible job - She did a good job organizing the party. (in this expression, “job” doesn’t necessarily refer to work. It simply means the person did something well)
do a report - I’m doing a report on the history of American foreign policy. (you can also say “writing a report”)
do a course - We’re doing a course at the local university. (you can also say “taking a course”)

TAKING CARE OF YOUR BODY
do exercise - I do at least half an hour of exercise every day.
do your hair (= style your hair) - I’ll be ready to go in 15 minutes – I just need to do my hair.
do your nails (= paint your nails) - Can you open this envelope for me? I just did my nails and they’re still wet.

GENERAL GOOD OR BAD ACTIONS
do anything / something / everything / nothing - Are you doing anything special for your birthday? You can’t do everything by yourself – let me help you.
do well - I think I did pretty well in the interview.
do badly - Everyone did badly on the test – the highest grade was 68.
do good - The non-profit organization has done a lot of good in the community.
do the right thing - When I found someone’s wallet on the sidewalk, I turned it in to the police because I wanted to do the right thing.
do your best - Don’t worry about getting everything perfect – just do your best.

Common English Collocations with MAKE
FOOD
make breakfast/lunch/dinner - I’m making dinner – it’ll be ready in about ten minutes.
make a sandwich - Could you make me a turkey sandwich?
make a salad - I made a salad for the family picnic.
make a cup of tea - Would you like me to make you a cup of tea?
make a reservation - I’ve made a reservation for 7:30 at our favorite restaurant.

MONEY
make money - I enjoy my job, but I don’t make very much money.
make a profit - The new company made a profit within its first year.
make a fortune - He made a fortune after his book hit #1 on the bestseller list.
make $_______ - I made $250 selling my old CDs on the internet.

RELATIONSHIPS
make friends - It’s hard to make friends when you move to a big city.
make love (= have sex) - The newlyweds made love on the beach during their honeymoon.
make a pass at (= flirt with someone) - My best friend’s brother made a pass at me – he asked if I was single and tried to get my phone number.
make fun of someone (= tease / mock someone) - The other kids made fun of Jimmy when he got glasses, calling him “four eyes.”
make up (= resolve a problem in a relationship) - Karen and Jennifer made up after the big fight they had last week.

COMMUNICATION
make a phone call - Please excuse me – I need to make a phone call.
make a joke - He made a joke, but it wasn’t very funny and no one laughed.
make a point - Dana made some good points during the meeting; I think we should consider her ideas.
make a bet - I made a bet with Peter to see who could do more push-ups.
make a complaint - We made a complaint with our internet provider about their terrible service, but we still haven’t heard back from them.
make a confession - I need to make a confession: I was the one who ate the last piece of cake.
make a speech - The company president made a speech about ethics in the workplace.
make a suggestion - Can I make a suggestion? I think you should cut your hair shorter – it’d look great on you!
make a prediction - It’s difficult to make any predictions about the future of the economy.
make an excuse - When I asked him if he’d finished the work, he started making excuses about how he was too busy.
make a promise - I made a promise to help her whenever she needs it. (you can also say, “I promised to help her whenever she needs it.”)
make a fuss (= demonstrate annoyance) - Stop making a fuss – he’s only late a couple minutes. I’m sure he’ll be here soon.
make an observation - I’d like to make an observation about our business plan – it’s not set in stone, so we can be flexible.
make a comment - The teacher made a few critical comments on my essay.
EXCEPTION: Don’t say “make a question.” The correct phrase is “ask a question.”

PLANS & PROGRESS
make plans - We’re making plans to travel to Australia next year.
make a decision/choice - I’ve made my decision – I’m going to go to New York University, not Boston University.
make a mistake - You made a few mistakes in your calculations – the correct total is $5430, not $4530.
make progress - My students are making good progress. Their spoken English is improving a lot.
make an attempt / effort (= try) - I’m making an effort to stop smoking this year.
make up your mind (= decide) - Should I buy a desktop or a laptop computer? I can’t make up my mind.
make a discovery - Scientists have made an important discovery in the area of genetics.
make a list - I’m making a list of everything we need for the wedding: invitations, decorations, a cake, a band, the dress…
make sure (= confirm) - Can you make sure we have enough copies of the report for everybody at the meeting?
make a difference - Getting eight hours of sleep makes a big difference in my day. I have more energy!
make an exception - Normally the teacher doesn’t accept late homework, but she made an exception for me because my backpack was stolen with my homework inside it.



Общий список
DO
to do a favour
to do a project
to do a test
to do an assignment
to do an exam
читать дальше

MAKE
to make a booking
to make a bundle
to make a call
to make a cake
to make a choice
читать дальше


упражнения:
www.perfect-english-grammar.com/make-or-do-exer...
www.perfect-english-grammar.com/make-or-do-exer...
www.perfect-english-grammar.com/make-or-do-exer...
www.perfect-english-grammar.com/make-or-do-exer...
www.vocabulary.cl/Games/Do_Make.htm

@темы: Vocabulary, Idioms&Expressions, English

18:11 

Shopping

20:04 

Grammar tests online or *.pdf

Online
1. English Grammar Placement Test
Elementary - www.world-english.org/test.htm
Intermediate - www.world-english.org/test1.htm
Upper Intermediate - www.world-english.org/test2.htm
Advanced - www.world-english.org/test3.htm

2. English Grammar Tests
www.grammar-monster.com/free_grammar_tests.html
коротенькие тесты на 6-7 вопросов
список тестов

3. Practice tests at C1 level
не только грамматика. Тесты разделены по сертификатам IELTS, CAE, TOEIC, etc.
www.examenglish.com/CEFR/C1.htm

4. Tests (A1-C2+)
www.englishtag.com/tests/level_test.asp

5. tests (Beginner-Advanced)
www.englishlearner.com/tests/

6. Tests (A1-C2+)
www.englishjet.com/english_courses_files/tests....

7. Reading level test
www.macmillanreaders.com/level-test/

8. 55 разных тестов
www.allthetests.com/language-tests-quizzes-Engl...

9. 20 тестов по 6 вопросов на все, включая фразеологию)
www.bbc.com/russian/specials/learn_english/quiz...
+ по темам
www.bbc.com/russian/learning_english/2015/08/15...

Сразу в PDF
что за тест, в принципе, видно по названиям ссылок
shvidko172.narod.ru/olderfiles/1/Oral_Placement...
www.pearsonlongman.com/activate/pdfs/extratests...
www.pearson.pl/files/Testy_activate/activateb2g...
www.englishservice.cz/download/Oxford%20Placeme...
www.macmillanstraightforward.com/resources/test... - на странице 4 ссылки на архивы с тестами разных уровней и ответами к ним (формат .doc)
www.aclassenglish.com/pdf/mon_test_b.pdf
i.foreign-languages-for-you.ru/u/31/5c779bba0ee...

@темы: tests, links, Vocabulary Games, Vocabulary, Listening, Grammar, English, ESL

21:34 

Talking Points

Talking Points
небольшие тексты на разные темы с упражнениями (всего 83)
www.englishclub.com/esl-forums/viewforum.php?f=...

Talking Point Worksheets
материалы к текстам
edition.tefl.net/category/talking-point/
"A range of discussion-based worksheets by Liz Regan - all available for free download. Each worksheet is accompanied by handy Teacher's Notes with answers. You can use these worksheets in conjunction with the EnglishClub Talking Point Discussion and Talking Point Homework forums, which your students can find easily from the Talking Point icon on the EnglishClub home page (см. ссылку выше)."

@темы: Discussion points, ESL, English, Reading, Vocabulary, links

00:02 

TED talks: Anne Curzan: What makes a word "real"?

One could argue that slang words like 'hangry,' 'defriend' and 'adorkable' fill crucial meaning gaps in the English language, even if they don't appear in the dictionary. After all, who actually decides which words make it into those vaulted pages? Language historian Anne Curzan gives a charming look at the humans behind dictionaries, and the choices they make on a constant basis.


@темы: Vocabulary, videos, TED, Linguistics, English

00:27 

делить по-братски - share and share alike
делить поровну - go fifty-fifty (особ. расходы), go halves in (что-либо)

@темы: English, Idioms&Expressions, Vocabulary

20:12 

Forvo.com

О сайте Forvo (www.forvo.com):
Forvo - справочник произношений. Здесь вы найдете слова на самых разных языках, все с записанными произношениями. Не знаете, как произносится слово? Попросите произнести его, и один из пользователей прочтёт его для вас. Вы можете сами помогать другим, записывая произношения слов на своём языке. Регистрация бесплатна.

Что интересно:
- слова можно отсортировать по темам, например, "cities", "names", "food"
- для каждого языка есть кратенькая статистика:
English:
Number of speakers: 509,000,000
Number of speakers in Forvo: 188,516
Pronounced words: 126,204
Pending pronunciation words: 226

@темы: словари, links, general links, Vocabulary, Listening, English

22:35 

Idioms))

16:28 

How to pay with DEBIT or CREDIT CARDS


@темы: English, Money, Shopping, Vocabulary

23:53 

Vocabulary - Relationship

to break up: to end a romantic relationship
to drift apart: to become less close to someone
to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone
to fall for: to fall in love
to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot
to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends
to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed
to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
to get to know: to begin to know someone
to go back years: to have known someone for a long time
to have a lot in common: to share similar interests to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times
a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship
to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone
to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved
to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with
to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer
love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone
to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you
to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject
to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family
to strike up a relationship: to begin a friendship
to tie the knot: to get married
to be well matched: to be similar to
to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Idioms&Expressions, English

23:49 

Vocabulary - Character

to be the life and soul of the party: a fun person, someone who is the centre of activity
to bend over backwards: to try very hard to help someone
broad-minded: prepared to accept other views or behaviours
easy-going: relaxed and not easily worried about anything
extrovert: an energetic person who likes the company of others
fair-minded: to treat people equally
fun-loving: to enjoy having fun
to hide one’s light under a bushel: to hide one’s talents and skills
good company: enjoyable to socialise
with good sense of humour: the ability to understand what is funny
introvert: someone who is shy
laid-back: see ‘easy-going’
to lose one’s temper: to suddenly become angry
narrow minded: opposite of ‘broad-minded’ (see above)
painfully shy: very shy
to put others first: to think of others before yourself
quick-tempered: to become angry quickly
reserved: shy
self-assured: confident
self-centred: thinks only of oneself
self-confident: believes in one’s own ability or knowledge
self-effacing: to not try to get the attention of others (especially in terms of hiding one’s skills or abilities)
to take after: to be like (often another member of the family)
thick-skinned: not easily affected by criticism
trustworthy: can be trusted
two-faced: not honest or sincere. Will say one thing to someone to their face and another when they are not present

@темы: Vocabulary, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English

23:35 

Personality

Personal qualities organized into categories



оно же по ссылке


Один из моих самых любимых тестов)



статьи на Washington Post - тут и тут

@темы: Vocabulary, Personality&Character, English, ESL

11:40 

Other ways to say... SYNONYMS FOR WORDS COMMONLY USED IN WRITINGS

Amazing- incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary

Anger- enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden

Angry- mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed

Answer- reply, respond, retort, acknowledge

Ask- question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz

Awful- dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant

Bad- evil, immoral, wicked, corrupt, sinful, depraved, rotten, contaminated, spoiled, tainted, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, defective, inferior, imperfect, substandard, faulty, improper, inappropriate, unsuitable, disagreeable, unpleasant, cross, nasty, unfriendly, irascible, horrible, atrocious, outrageous, scandalous, infamous, wrong, noxious, sinister, putrid, snide, deplorable, dismal, gross, heinous, nefarious, base, obnoxious, detestable, despicable, contemptible, foul, rank, ghastly, execrable

Beautiful - pretty, lovely, handsome, attractive, gorgeous, dazzling, splendid, magnificent, comely, fair, ravishing, graceful, elegant, fine, exquisite, aesthetic, pleasing, shapely, delicate, stunning, glorious, heavenly, resplendent, radiant, glowing, blooming, sparkling
читать дальше

@темы: Vocabulary, Other ways to say..., English

17:20 

Discussion points - Opinion Giving Expression

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS TO EXPRESS YOUR OPINION

As far as I'm concerned,..
To my mind,...
According to me,...
As I see it, ...
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USEFUL WORDS TO EXPRESS YOUR AGREEMENT

(The author / the narrator / the protagonist / etc.) is right
Exactly.
Fair enough !
He is quite right / absolutely right
He may be right.
читать дальше


USEFUL WORDS TO EXPRESS YOUR DISAGREEMENT


He's off his head !
However…
I am afraid that is not quite true.
I disagree.
I don't agree with what you say.
I don't agree with you.
читать дальше

@темы: Vocabulary, Other ways to say..., Opinion, English, ESL, Discussion points, Vocabulary Games

18:28 

How not to swear

00:05 

General links - Idioms

19:59 

Vocabulary - Personality&Character

A
active = always doing something: "She's an active person and never wants to stay in."

aggressive = being angry or threatening: "He's aggressive and starts arguments."

ambitious = wanting to succeed: "He's ambitious and wants to lead the company."

argumentative = always arguing with people: "He won't accept what you say – he's argumentative and loves to disagree!"

arrogant = thinking you are better than anyone else: "He always behaves as if nobody else's opinion is important – "I find him very arrogant."

assertive = being confident, so people can't force you to do things you don't want to do: "It's important to be assertive at work."

B
bad-tempered = in a bad mood: "What's got into him lately? He's so bad-tempered."

big-headed = thinking you're very important or clever: "I've never met anyone so big-headed!"

bossy = telling people what to do all the time: "He's so bossy - he never lets me do things the way I want to do them."

C
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@темы: English, Personality&Character, Vocabulary

19:55 

Marriage and wedding vocabulary

Marriage and wedding vocabulary
It all starts with a proposal. Traditionally the man goes down on one knee to pop the question.

If he receives a "yes", the couple are engaged. It is customary for the man to buy his fiancee an engagement ring, most commonly a diamond ring. Engagements can last for years, and if neither of the couple breaks off the engagement, the next step is marriage.

читать дальше

@темы: English, Vocabulary, Relationship

19:45 

Love idioms

Falling in love
catch someone's eye = to be attractive to someone: "The shy man at the back of the class caught my eye."

to fancy someone (British English) = to find someone attractive: "My friend fancies you!"

to have a crush on someone = to only be able to think about one person: "When I was at school, I had a crush on a film star."

to have a soft spot for someone = to have a weakness for someone: "She has a soft spot for Richard – he can do anything!"

to have the hots for someone = to find someone very attractive: "She's got the hots for the new office manager."

to go out with someone (British English) = to date someone: "They've been going out together for years!"

to go steady = to go out with someone: "They've been going steady since their first year at university."

to fall for someone = to fall in love: "He always falls for the wrong types!"

to fall head over heels for someone = to completely fall in love: "He fell head over heels for her."

to be lovey-dovey = for a couple to show everyone how much they are in love: "They're so lovey-dovey, always whispering to each other and looking into each other's eyes."

to have eyes only for = to be attracted to one person only: "He's dropped all his old friends, now that he has eyes only for Susie."

to be the apple of someone's eye = to be loved by someone, normally an older relative: "She's the apple of her father's eye."

to be smitten by someone = to be in love with someone: "I first met him at a party and from that evening on, I was smitten."

a love-nest = the place where two lovers live: "They made a love-nest in the old basement flat."

to be loved-up (British English) = to exist in a warm feeling of love: "They are one loved-up couple!"

to be the love of someone's life = to be loved by a person: "He has always been the love of her life."

Types of love
puppy love = love between teenagers: "It's just puppy love – you'll grow out of it!"

cupboard love = love for someone because they give you food: "I think my cat loves me, but it's only cupboard love!"

Getting married
to get hitched: "They're getting hitched next Saturday."

to tie the knot: "So when are you two tying the knot?"

If it goes wrong…
to go through a bit of a rough patch = when things are not going well: "Since the argument, they've been going through a bit of a rough patch."

to have blazing rows = to have big arguments: "We had a blazing row last night."

can't stand the sight of someone = to not like someone: "She can't stand the sight of him any more!"

to call it a day = to agree that the relationship has ended: "We decided to call it a day."

to be on the rocks = a relationship that is in difficulty: "Once she moved out, it was clear their marriage was on the rocks."

to have a stormy relationship = a relationship with many arguments: "I'm glad we don't have a stormy relationship."

a love-rat = a man who betrays his girlfriend / wife: "He's had affairs with three different women – he's a complete love-rat."

Sayings
Marry in haste, repent at leisure = if you marry too quickly, you have the rest of your life to regret it!

Love is blind = when you love someone, you can't see their faults

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder = beauty is subjective

Let your heart rule your head = allow your emotions to control your rational side

Wear your heart on your sleeve = show other people how you are feeling

See also our page on marriage and wedding vocabulary for more words a

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English

19:23 

Relationship idioms

Relationship idioms


Positive
get on like a house on fire = to get on really well with someone: "They get on like a house on fire."

have a soft spot for someone = to be very fond of someone: "She has a soft spot for her youngest child."

go back a long way = to know someone well for a long time: "Those two go back a long way. They were at primary school together."

be in with = to have favoured status with someone: "She's in with the management."

Negative
get off on the wrong foot with someone = to start off badly with someone: "She really got off on the wrong foot with her new boss."

keep someone at arm's length = to keep someone at a distance: "I'm keeping her at arm's length for the time being."

they're like cat and dog = to often argue with someone: "Those two are like cat and dog."

rub someone up the wrong way = to irritate someone: "She really rubs her sister up the wrong way."

be at loggerheads = to disagree strongly: "Charles and Henry are at loggerheads over the new policy."

sworn enemies = to hate someone: "Those two are sworn enemies."

Equality and inequality
bend over backwards for someone = do everything possible to help someone: "She bent over backwards for them when they first arrived in the town."

be at someone's beck and call = to always be ready to do what someone wants: "As the office junior, she was at his beck and call all day."

pull your weight = to do the right amount of work: "The kids always pull their weight around the house."

do your fair share = to do your share of the work: "He never does his fair share!"

take someone under your wing = to look after someone until they settle in: "He took her under his wing for her first month at work."

keep tabs on someone = to watch someone carefully to check what they are doing: "He's keeping tabs on the sales team at the moment."

wear the trousers = to be in control: "She wears the trousers in their relationship."

be under the thumb = to be controlled by someone else: "He really keeps her under the thumb."

How you communicate
get your wires crossed =to misunderstand someone because you think they are talking about something else: "I think I've got my wires crossed. Were you talking about car or personal insurance?"

get the wrong end of the stick = to misunderstand someone and understand the opposite of what they are saying: "You've got the wrong end of the stick. The fault was with the other driver, not with me."

be left in the dark = to be left without enough information: "We've been left in the dark over this project. We haven't been told how to do it."

talk at cross purposes = when two people don't understand each other because they are talking about two different things (but don't realise it): "We're talking at cross purposes here."

go round in circles = to say the same things over and again, so never resolving a problem: "We always end up going round in circles in these meetings."

leave things up in the air = to leave something undecided: "I hate leaving things up in the air."

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English

Living environment - Warehouse 14

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