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Записи с темой: vocabulary (список заголовков)
19:45 

Love idioms

Falling in love
catch someone's eye = to be attractive to someone: "The shy man at the back of the class caught my eye."

to fancy someone (British English) = to find someone attractive: "My friend fancies you!"

to have a crush on someone = to only be able to think about one person: "When I was at school, I had a crush on a film star."

to have a soft spot for someone = to have a weakness for someone: "She has a soft spot for Richard – he can do anything!"

to have the hots for someone = to find someone very attractive: "She's got the hots for the new office manager."

to go out with someone (British English) = to date someone: "They've been going out together for years!"

to go steady = to go out with someone: "They've been going steady since their first year at university."

to fall for someone = to fall in love: "He always falls for the wrong types!"

to fall head over heels for someone = to completely fall in love: "He fell head over heels for her."

to be lovey-dovey = for a couple to show everyone how much they are in love: "They're so lovey-dovey, always whispering to each other and looking into each other's eyes."

to have eyes only for = to be attracted to one person only: "He's dropped all his old friends, now that he has eyes only for Susie."

to be the apple of someone's eye = to be loved by someone, normally an older relative: "She's the apple of her father's eye."

to be smitten by someone = to be in love with someone: "I first met him at a party and from that evening on, I was smitten."

a love-nest = the place where two lovers live: "They made a love-nest in the old basement flat."

to be loved-up (British English) = to exist in a warm feeling of love: "They are one loved-up couple!"

to be the love of someone's life = to be loved by a person: "He has always been the love of her life."

Types of love
puppy love = love between teenagers: "It's just puppy love – you'll grow out of it!"

cupboard love = love for someone because they give you food: "I think my cat loves me, but it's only cupboard love!"

Getting married
to get hitched: "They're getting hitched next Saturday."

to tie the knot: "So when are you two tying the knot?"

If it goes wrong…
to go through a bit of a rough patch = when things are not going well: "Since the argument, they've been going through a bit of a rough patch."

to have blazing rows = to have big arguments: "We had a blazing row last night."

can't stand the sight of someone = to not like someone: "She can't stand the sight of him any more!"

to call it a day = to agree that the relationship has ended: "We decided to call it a day."

to be on the rocks = a relationship that is in difficulty: "Once she moved out, it was clear their marriage was on the rocks."

to have a stormy relationship = a relationship with many arguments: "I'm glad we don't have a stormy relationship."

a love-rat = a man who betrays his girlfriend / wife: "He's had affairs with three different women – he's a complete love-rat."

Sayings
Marry in haste, repent at leisure = if you marry too quickly, you have the rest of your life to regret it!

Love is blind = when you love someone, you can't see their faults

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder = beauty is subjective

Let your heart rule your head = allow your emotions to control your rational side

Wear your heart on your sleeve = show other people how you are feeling

See also our page on marriage and wedding vocabulary for more words a

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English

19:23 

Relationship idioms

Relationship idioms


Positive
get on like a house on fire = to get on really well with someone: "They get on like a house on fire."

have a soft spot for someone = to be very fond of someone: "She has a soft spot for her youngest child."

go back a long way = to know someone well for a long time: "Those two go back a long way. They were at primary school together."

be in with = to have favoured status with someone: "She's in with the management."

Negative
get off on the wrong foot with someone = to start off badly with someone: "She really got off on the wrong foot with her new boss."

keep someone at arm's length = to keep someone at a distance: "I'm keeping her at arm's length for the time being."

they're like cat and dog = to often argue with someone: "Those two are like cat and dog."

rub someone up the wrong way = to irritate someone: "She really rubs her sister up the wrong way."

be at loggerheads = to disagree strongly: "Charles and Henry are at loggerheads over the new policy."

sworn enemies = to hate someone: "Those two are sworn enemies."

Equality and inequality
bend over backwards for someone = do everything possible to help someone: "She bent over backwards for them when they first arrived in the town."

be at someone's beck and call = to always be ready to do what someone wants: "As the office junior, she was at his beck and call all day."

pull your weight = to do the right amount of work: "The kids always pull their weight around the house."

do your fair share = to do your share of the work: "He never does his fair share!"

take someone under your wing = to look after someone until they settle in: "He took her under his wing for her first month at work."

keep tabs on someone = to watch someone carefully to check what they are doing: "He's keeping tabs on the sales team at the moment."

wear the trousers = to be in control: "She wears the trousers in their relationship."

be under the thumb = to be controlled by someone else: "He really keeps her under the thumb."

How you communicate
get your wires crossed =to misunderstand someone because you think they are talking about something else: "I think I've got my wires crossed. Were you talking about car or personal insurance?"

get the wrong end of the stick = to misunderstand someone and understand the opposite of what they are saying: "You've got the wrong end of the stick. The fault was with the other driver, not with me."

be left in the dark = to be left without enough information: "We've been left in the dark over this project. We haven't been told how to do it."

talk at cross purposes = when two people don't understand each other because they are talking about two different things (but don't realise it): "We're talking at cross purposes here."

go round in circles = to say the same things over and again, so never resolving a problem: "We always end up going round in circles in these meetings."

leave things up in the air = to leave something undecided: "I hate leaving things up in the air."

@темы: Vocabulary, Relationship, Personality&Character, Idioms&Expressions, English

11:49 

General links - synonyms, rhymes, abbreviations

www.woxikon.com/

"Woxikon started out as a mere dictionary but evolved into a large lexicon of translations, synonyms, rhymes, abbreviations and much more.

Woxikon is a multilingual dictionary and lexicon of translations, synonyms and abbreviations. The online translator can translate between German, English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Dutch, Swedish, Russian, Polish, Finnish, Norwegian and Turkish, and it may be used free of charge. It is continually being expanded.

Moreover, Woxikon offers conjugation tables and explanatory notes on grammar. We recommend their use as a supplement to the dictionary.

Woxikon offers foreign-language enthusiasts a wealth of possibilities for developing and improving their language skills."

@темы: general links, Vocabulary, Linguistics, English, словари

11:28 

General links - сайты и ссылки про этимологию, слова и их распространие

1. www.ezglot.com

"We all know little bit of foreign languages, even if we are not aware of it. Reason is simple: languages have many words in common. The more words two languages have in common, the more lexically similar they are, and more mutually intelligible.
EZGlot helps anyone appear to be a polyglot, by showing you which common words in foreign languages you already know, so that you can jump start your communication when traveling abroad. We show you words that not only look or sound similar, but also have similar meaning.
~90 languages, Gigabytes of data, months of algorithm development, weeks of computation. They call it Big Data. We used science, open source projects, custom graph analysis and lexical similarity algorithms, a number of iterations in search of a solution. A rich graph of relations between words in dozens of world languages contains many interesting insights, but also a lot of noise. While providing insights, we tried to reduce the noise. You can tell us whether we succeeded."

2. www.reddit.com/r/etymologymaps
список ссылок, разные языки

3. www.lexvo.org
Lexvo.org brings information about languages, words, characters, and other human language-related entities to the Linked Data Web and Semantic Web. The Linked Data Web is a worldwide initiative to create a Web of Data that exposes the relationships between entities in our world. Lexvo.org adds a new perspective to this Web by exposing how everything in our world is connected in terms of language, e.g. by considering semantic relationships between multilingual labels (like book or New York). Lexvo not only defines global IDs (URIs) for language-related objects, but also ensures that these identifiers are dereferenceable and highly interconnected as well as externally linked to a variety of resources on the Web.

4. www.lexvo.com
Words and their relationships

5. www.wordinfo.info
Latin and Greek cross refecences - A Dictionary of English Vocabulary Words Derived Primarily from Latin and Greek Sources, Presented Individually and in Family Units

@темы: links, general links, Vocabulary, Linguistics, English

11:04 

Word roots and mind maps

Сайт с лексикой. Слова организованы по ассоциациям - всем известныe Mind Maps, и по корням - интерактивно и с подкастом, в котором рассказывается про значение этого корня и про производные.
про корни - membean.com/educator/wordroots - внизу страницы ссылки на архив, пока там 112 корней
mind maps - membean.com/educator/wordmaps


@темы: links, Vocabulary, Mind Maps, English

20:22 

Other ways to say ... GOOD BYE

Formal goodbyes
Goodbye.
"Goodbye" itself is actually one of the most formal ways to say goodbye to someone. Here are some situations in which "Goodbye" is appropriate:
You've broken up with your partner. You're sad about it. You think that you may never see this person again.
You're angry with a family member. You say this as you slam the door or hang up the phone.

Farewell.
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@темы: Vocabulary, Other ways to say..., Idioms&Expressions, English

22:08 

Vocabulary website

Очень наглядно по основным темам - Pictorial Vocabulary Guides. Есть разные задания, по некоторым темам можно выбрать уровень сложности.
На сайте кроме английского, еще довольно большое количество языков, включая восточные. Правда, некоторые пока представлены буквально парой тем.

www.languageguide.org/

@темы: English, Vocabulary, general links, languages

21:55 

lock Доступ к записи ограничен

Закрытая запись, не предназначенная для публичного просмотра

URL
00:37 

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words
By Mark Nichol
One of the many fascinating features of our language is how often words with pleasant associations are also quite pleasing on the tongue and even to the eye, and how many words, by contrast, acoustically and visually corroborate their disagreeable nature — look no further than the heading for this post.

Enrich the poetry of your prose by applying words that provide precise connotation while also evoking emotional responses. (Note the proportion of beautiful words to ugly ones in the compilation below; it’s easier to conjure the former than the latter, though I omitted words associated with bodily functions, as well as onomatopoeic terms.)

Notice how often attractive words present themselves to define other beautiful ones, and note also how many of them are interrelated, and what kind of sensations, impressions, and emotions they have in common. Also, try enunciating beautiful words as if they were ugly, or vice versa. Are their sounds suggestive of their quality, or does their meaning wholly determine their effect on us?

Beautiful Words

Amorphous: indefinite, shapeless
Beguile: deceive
Caprice: impulse
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Ugly Words

Cacophony: confused noise
Cataclysm: flood, catastrophe, upheaval
Chafe: irritate, abrade
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@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

15:53 

Outside the Standard, Formal Language

A variety of terms distinguish the kinds of languages and vocabularies that exist outside the mainstream of standard, formal language. Here are twelve words and phrases that denote specific ideas of language usage.

1. Argot
An argot is a language primarily developed to disguise conversation, originally because of a criminal enterprise, though the term is also used loosely to refer to informal jargon.

2. Cant
Cant is somewhat synonymous with argot and jargon and refers to the vocabulary of an in-group that uses it to deceive or exclude nonusers.

3. Colloquial Language
Anything not employed in formal writing or conversation, including terms that might fall under one or more of most of the other categories in this list, is a colloquialism. Colloquial and colloquialism may be perceived to be pejorative terms, but they merely refer to informal terminology.

Colloquial language — whether words, idiomatic phrases, or aphorisms — is often regionally specific; for example, variations on the term “carbonated beverage” — including soda, pop, and coke — differ in various areas of the United States.

4. Creole
A creole is a more sophisticated development of a pidgin, derived from two or more parent languages and used by people all ages as a native language.

5. Dialect
A dialect is a way of speaking based on geographical or social factors.

6. Jargon
Jargon is a body of words and phrases that apply to a specific activity or profession, such as a particular art form or athletic or recreational endeavor, or a medical or scientific subject. Jargon is often necessary for precision when referring to procedures and materials integral to a certain pursuit.

However, in some fields, jargon is employed to an excessive and gratuitous degree, often to conceal the truth or deceive or exclude outsiders. Various types of jargon notorious for obstructing rather than facilitating communication are given names often appended with -ese or -speak, such as bureaucratese or corporate-speak.

7. Lingo
This term vaguely refers to the speech of a particular community or group and is therefore loosely synonymous with many of the other words in this list.

8. Lingua Franca
A lingua franca is a language often adopted as a common tongue to enable communication between speakers of separate languages, though pidgins and creoles, both admixtures of two or more languages, are also considered lingua francas.

9. Patois
Patois refers loosely to a nonstandard language such as a creole, a dialect, or a pidgin, with a connotation of the speakers’ social inferiority to those who speak the standard language.

10. Pidgin
A simplified language arising from the efforts of people speaking different languages to communicate is a pidgin. These languages generally develop to facilitate trade between people without a common language. In time, pidgins often evolve into creoles.

11. Slang
A vocabulary of terms (at least initially) employed in a specific subculture is slang. Slang terms, either invented words or those whose meanings are adapted to new senses, develop out of a subculture’s desire to disguise — or exclude others from — their conversations. As US society becomes more youth oriented and more homogenous, slang becomes more widespread in usage, and subcultures continually invent new slang as older terms are appropriated by the mainstream population.

12. Vernacular
A vernacular is a native language or dialect, as opposed to another tongue also in use, such as Spanish, French, or Italian and their dialects as compared to their mother language, Latin. Alternatively, a vernacular is a dialect itself as compared to a standard language (though it should be remembered that a standard language is simply a dialect or combination of dialects that has come to predominate).

@темы: English, Vocabulary, languages, terms

17:58 

Other ways to say... DIFFERENT

40 Synonyms for “Different”
Looking for a different way to say “different”? Here are forty more or less distinct synonyms, along with their sometimes similar, sometimes disparate meanings.

1. Alternate: arranged or occurring in turns, or see alternative; also, every other (also a verb)
2. Alternative: referring to a choice; also, apart from the conventional or usual
3. Assorted: consisting of different kinds
4. Differing: see distinct, or changing from one case or situation to another; also, disagreeing
5. Discernable: able to be recognized as different; also detectable or recognizable
6. Discrete: see distinct
7. Disparate: see distinct, or incompatibly different
8. Dissimilar: not alike
9. Distant: different in kind; also, separated or far away from, going a long way, or far behind, or reserved in behavior, or distracted
other 30 different variants

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

17:53 

Other ways to say... SAYS

Nearly 200 Ways to Say "Says"
Marion Campus Studies in English and Technology

accuses
acknowledges
acquires
adds
+ еще около 200

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

15:39 

Other ways to say...BAD

15:33 

Other ways to say...GOOD

ох уж этот вечный неизбывный и неистребимый GOOD

@темы: English, Other ways to say..., Vocabulary

18:21 

WorldWideWords

www.worldwidewords.org
The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech.

@темы: Vocabulary, English, links

19:55 

General links

www.correctenglish.ru/

Сайт CorrectEnglish.ru полностью посвящен изучению английского языка

Как начинающие изучение английского языка, так и продолжающие и совершенствующиеся в нем найдут для себя все необходимые ресурсы на нашем сайте.

Сайт располагает большой теоретической и практической базой, направленной на развитие всех языковых навыков. На сайте представлена только современная информация, исключающая устаревшие правила грамматики, устаревшие слова, выражения, и т.п.

@темы: general links, exercises, Vocabulary, Podcasts, Listening, Grammar, English, ESL

15:15 

A lot of, Lots of, Plenty of, A great deal of, и др.

Данные выражения по своему значению и употреблению похожи на наречия much, many и most, и имеют тот же перевод в русском языке – "большое количество", "много", "немало", и т.п. Однако с грамматической точки зрения они несколько отличаются. В частности, предлог of обязательно используется после этих выражений, даже если существительные, следующие после них, не являются определителями.

Сравните:
Plenty of shops open on Sunday mornings. (А НЕ Plenty shops…)
Many shops open on Sunday mornings. (А НЕ Many of shops…)
Утром по воскресеньям открывается много магазинов.

There is not a lot of rice left. (А НЕ There is not a lot rice left.)
There is not much rice left. (А НЕ There is not much of rice left.)
Осталось немного (= мало) риса.

A lot of и lots of

Данные выражения имеют неформальный, разговорный оттенок. Большой разницы между a lot of и lots of нет. Оба эти выражения обычно используются перед неисчисляемыми существительными в форме единственного числа, либо перед любыми существительными, стоящими в форме множественного числа, либо перед местоимениями. Когда a lot of / lots of используется перед подлежащим в форме множественного числа, глагол-сказуемое также должен быть в форме множественного числа.

Например:
A lot of my friends live abroad.
Многие мои друзья живут за границей. (В данном примере a lot of используется с существительным в форме множественного числа my friends, обратите внимание, что глагол-сказуемое также имеет форму множественного числа.)

Lots of time is needed to learn a language.
Для изучения языка необходимо много времени. (В данном примере lots of используется с неисчисляемым существительным в форме единственного числа time.)

Plenty of

В отличие от других рассматриваемых выражений, plenty of имеет оттенок достаточности, наличия необходимого количества.

Например:
There is plenty of time.
Времени достаточно.

Plenty of shops accept credit cards.
Многие магазины (= достаточное количество магазинов) принимают кредитные карты.

A large amount of, a great deal of, и a large number of

Данные выражения имеют несколько формальный оттенок. A large amount of и a great deal of обычно используются с неисчисляемыми существительными.

Например:
She has spent a great deal of time in Europe.
Она провела много времени в Европе.

A large number of обычно используется с существительными в форме множественного числа. Стоящий за данным выражением глагол также имеет форму множественного числа.

Например:
A large number of issues still need to be addressed.
Нужно рассмотреть еще много разных вопросов.

@темы: Vocabulary, Grammar

22:44 

Vocabulary - Money

Adjectives + "Money"

easy
He thinks working in marketing is easy money. I think he'll find it's quite a different story.

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Verb + "Money"

coin, print
The government printed a lot of money in 2001.

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"Money" + Verb

come from something
Money for the exhibit comes from donations to the museum.

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"Money" + Noun

management, manager
I think you should hire a money manager for your savings.

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Phrases with "Money"

bet money on something
Let's bet $400 dollars on the race.

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@темы: Vocabulary, Money, Idioms&Expressions, English

16:18 

Topic - Weather&Climate

20:25 

Discussion points - Health

Health

Given all the evidence that cigarette smoking is harmful, why do people continue to smoke cigarettes? Explain why you do or do not smoke.
How much do you think people influence their own health through their attitudes and lifestyles?
Russian people are fast becoming the one of most overweight people in the world. To what do you attribute this trend?
Are people overly concerned about being thin nowadays?
What do you do to cope with stress?
What is the difference between "good" and "bad" stress?
Would you choose to be an organ donor?

@темы: Discussion points, English, Health, Vocabulary

Living environment - Warehouse 14

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