of light and shadows
Basic Difference between DO and MAKE
Use DO for actions, obligations, and repetitive tasks.
Use MAKE for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do.
DO generally refers to the action itself, and MAKE usually refers to the result. For example, if you make breakfast, the result is an omelet! If you make a suggestion, you have created a recommendation.

Common English Collocations with DO
do the housework - After I got home from the office, I was too tired to do the housework.
do the laundry - I really need to do the laundry I dont have any clean clothes left!
do the dishes - Ill make dinner if you do the dishes afterwards. (you can also say wash the dishes)
do the shopping - I went to the bank, did some shopping, and mailed a package at the post office.
EXCEPTION: make the bed = putting blankets, sheets, and pillows in the correct place so that the bed looks nice and not messy.

do work - I cant go out this weekend I have to do some work on an extra project.
do homework - You cant watch any TV until youve done your homework.
do business - We do business with clients in fifteen countries.
do a good/great/terrible job - She did a good job organizing the party. (in this expression, job doesnt necessarily refer to work. It simply means the person did something well)
do a report - Im doing a report on the history of American foreign policy. (you can also say writing a report)
do a course - Were doing a course at the local university. (you can also say taking a course)

do exercise - I do at least half an hour of exercise every day.
do your hair (= style your hair) - Ill be ready to go in 15 minutes I just need to do my hair.
do your nails (= paint your nails) - Can you open this envelope for me? I just did my nails and theyre still wet.

do anything / something / everything / nothing - Are you doing anything special for your birthday? You cant do everything by yourself let me help you.
do well - I think I did pretty well in the interview.
do badly - Everyone did badly on the test the highest grade was 68.
do good - The non-profit organization has done a lot of good in the community.
do the right thing - When I found someones wallet on the sidewalk, I turned it in to the police because I wanted to do the right thing.
do your best - Dont worry about getting everything perfect just do your best.

Common English Collocations with MAKE
make breakfast/lunch/dinner - Im making dinner itll be ready in about ten minutes.
make a sandwich - Could you make me a turkey sandwich?
make a salad - I made a salad for the family picnic.
make a cup of tea - Would you like me to make you a cup of tea?
make a reservation - Ive made a reservation for 7:30 at our favorite restaurant.

make money - I enjoy my job, but I dont make very much money.
make a profit - The new company made a profit within its first year.
make a fortune - He made a fortune after his book hit #1 on the bestseller list.
make $_______ - I made $250 selling my old CDs on the internet.

make friends - Its hard to make friends when you move to a big city.
make love (= have sex) - The newlyweds made love on the beach during their honeymoon.
make a pass at (= flirt with someone) - My best friends brother made a pass at me he asked if I was single and tried to get my phone number.
make fun of someone (= tease / mock someone) - The other kids made fun of Jimmy when he got glasses, calling him four eyes.
make up (= resolve a problem in a relationship) - Karen and Jennifer made up after the big fight they had last week.

make a phone call - Please excuse me I need to make a phone call.
make a joke - He made a joke, but it wasnt very funny and no one laughed.
make a point - Dana made some good points during the meeting; I think we should consider her ideas.
make a bet - I made a bet with Peter to see who could do more push-ups.
make a complaint - We made a complaint with our internet provider about their terrible service, but we still havent heard back from them.
make a confession - I need to make a confession: I was the one who ate the last piece of cake.
make a speech - The company president made a speech about ethics in the workplace.
make a suggestion - Can I make a suggestion? I think you should cut your hair shorter itd look great on you!
make a prediction - Its difficult to make any predictions about the future of the economy.
make an excuse - When I asked him if hed finished the work, he started making excuses about how he was too busy.
make a promise - I made a promise to help her whenever she needs it. (you can also say, I promised to help her whenever she needs it.)
make a fuss (= demonstrate annoyance) - Stop making a fuss hes only late a couple minutes. Im sure hell be here soon.
make an observation - Id like to make an observation about our business plan its not set in stone, so we can be flexible.
make a comment - The teacher made a few critical comments on my essay.
EXCEPTION: Dont say make a question. The correct phrase is ask a question.

make plans - Were making plans to travel to Australia next year.
make a decision/choice - Ive made my decision Im going to go to New York University, not Boston University.
make a mistake - You made a few mistakes in your calculations the correct total is $5430, not $4530.
make progress - My students are making good progress. Their spoken English is improving a lot.
make an attempt / effort (= try) - Im making an effort to stop smoking this year.
make up your mind (= decide) - Should I buy a desktop or a laptop computer? I cant make up my mind.
make a discovery - Scientists have made an important discovery in the area of genetics.
make a list - Im making a list of everything we need for the wedding: invitations, decorations, a cake, a band, the dress
make sure (= confirm) - Can you make sure we have enough copies of the report for everybody at the meeting?
make a difference - Getting eight hours of sleep makes a big difference in my day. I have more energy!
make an exception - Normally the teacher doesnt accept late homework, but she made an exception for me because my backpack was stolen with my homework inside it.

to do a favour
to do a project
to do a test
to do an assignment
to do an exam
to do badly
to do business
to do damage
to do exercise
to do good
to do harm
to do homework
to do housework
to do nothing
to do research
to do something
to do some letter-writing
to do some reading
to do some studying
to do some writing
to do the accounts
to do the cleaning
to do the dishes
to do the ironing
to do the laundry
to do the math
to do the maximum
to do the minimum
to do the paperwork
to do the shopping
to do the vacuuming
to do time
to do work
to do your best
to do your duty
to do your hair
to do your nails
to do your job
to do your makeup
to do 50 miles per hour

to make a booking
to make a bundle
to make a call
to make a cake
to make a choice
to make a comment
to make a complaint
to make a compromise
to make a deal
to make a decision
to make a difference
to make a fire
to make a fool of yourself
to make a fortune
to make a fuss
to make a habit
to make a move
to make a phone call
to make a point
to make a presentation
to make a profit
to make a promise
to make a remark
to make a reservation
to make a sales call
to make a sound
to make a speech
to make a suggestion
to make a threat
to make a visit
to make amends
to make an appearance
to make an appointment
to make an attempt
to make an enquiry
to make an exception
to make an excuse
to make an offer
to make arrangements
to make believe
to make friends
to make fun
to make changes
to make corrections
to make do
to make love
to make money
to make noise
to make peace
to make plans
to make a profit
to make progress
to make sense
to make someone angry
to make someone happy
to make (someone) mad
To make someone sad
to make someones day
to make sure
to make time
to make trouble
to make dinner
to make lunch
to make breakfast
to make a snack
to make tea / coffee
to make a mess
to make a mistake
to make the bed
to make time
to make war


@: Vocabulary, Idioms&Expressions, English